Word
Action number 15014 Last updated 07/03/2011 16:28:15 Year 2011
Title Chemical Assessment and Testing
Acronym CAT
Type Action
Url
Institute JRC.I Institute for Health and Consumer Protection (Ispra)
Leader LARSEN Bo JRC.DG.I.2   E-Mail
1 Prosperity in a Knowledge intensive society
1.5 Life Sciences and biotechnology
European Committee for Standardization
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
European Environment Agency
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
World Health Organization
Customer DGs EMPL - Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities
ENTR - Enterprise and Industry
ENV - Environment
SANCO - Health and Consumers
Analytical methods, analytical measurements, monitoring, method validation, hazard, exposure and risk assessment, indoor air quality, chemicals, food contact materials, consumer products, noise, modelling
Rationale
Chemicals play an important role in the European Union, not only as regards the industrial manufacturing, but also in the range of consumer products in which chemicals form a constituent part. Chemicals however are known to migrate from the various matrices of which they are a part and it is critical, especially considering the potential health implications, to understand the associated risks of any toxic effects.

For such reasons, the assessment of chemicals into risk categories is a necessary process to help minimise the risk of exposure to toxic substances, either directly or indirectly from degradation of materials. Accurate and advanced standard measurement and analysis techniques are equally important to be able to make a correct exposure assessment which may result in restricting the use of certain substances in consumer articles.

Migration of chemicals gives rise to exposure from several different routes - pulmonary (release of volatile organic compounds from such things as furniture or building materials into the air), dermal (migration of chemicals from clothing into the epidermis), or digestive (chemical additives in food or migration of chemicals into food via contact with packaging materials). Whereas exposure levels may be low, continued exposure (as well as the integrated effect of many similar types of exposure from different pathways) can lead to chronic effects.

Under the new JRC strategy 2010-2020 Chemical Assessment and Testing (CAT) action has consolidated its role in protecting the interests and health of the consumer in the framework of EU legislation on chemicals, food, and consumer products by providing scientific and technical support including risk-benefit assessment. The JRC added value for these activities lies primarily in its independence of national and economical interests – essential for giving neutral and sound advice and guidance to the commission and for facilitating the harmonisation/validation of methods/methodologies/standards across the EU Member States.

The CAT Action provides the necessary competences for the assessment of chemicals as well as the testing and analysis of chemicals released in trace quantities. These competences are in direct support of the JRC Actions: 15022 Consumer Products and Nutrition and 23007 Health and Environment
Summary of the activity
The CAT Action work programme for 2011 evolves around five main topics in the fields of Chemicals and Food Safety:

INDOOR AIR POLLUTION IN EUROPE: AN EMERGING HEALTH ISSUE: In 2011 activities will provide systematic information about indoor air pollutants in Europe and their potential long-term health impacts. Activities will include: Innovative measurement strategies, innovative sampling techniques, as well as modelling and databases building on concentration of indoor air pollutants. The expected impacts are: new mechanistic and pollutant concentration data; harmonized models and sampling approaches to estimate human exposure to indoor air chemicals, biological substances and physical agents such as noise and related health impacts, taking into account socio-economic factors; improved risk assessment data (e.g. validated biomarkers) to be used in regulation and bio-monitoring; support for policies such as the Environment and Health Action Plan, the Public Health Program, and the Consumer Policy Strategy.

NON-FOOD CONSUMER PRODUCTS. In 2011 activities will develop, improve, evaluate and validate methodologies and instrumentation for measuring concentrations of chemicals, including volatile, semi-volatile chemicals and particulate matter in source emissions and other toxic chemicals in consumer products and articles. Activities will include: Emission tests of construction materials and building products; analytical method development and validation (e.g. impurities in cosmetic products and textiles). The expected impacts are: Harmonization of labeling schemes for construction materials and building products across Europe along with its macro-economic impact, in collaboration with interested parties and relevant stakeholders (e.g. DG ENTR, DG SANCO, building, construction material and furniture industries); method development and validation in support of the EU legislation on cosmetics (DG SANCO).

RISK ANALYSIS. During 2011 scientific/technical support will be provided to the Commission in selected areas of risk analysis of chemicals. Activities will include: coordination of technical meetings on the risk assessment of biocides with Member States, DGs, industry and NGOs, completion of the review programme of the Biocides Directive producing risk assessment reports; daily handling of Prior Information Consent (PIC) notifications for import and export from EU (to) third countries. The expected impacts are: support to DG ENV and ECHA; training of new staff and preparation to hand-over of the Biocides activity to ECHA in 2014; training of new staff and preparation to hand-over of the PIC activity to ECHA in 2013; Support to DG EMPL on setting occupational exposure limits.

FOOD CONTACT MATERIALS AND EUROPEAN UNION REFERENCE LABORATORY FOR FOOD CONTACT MATERIALS. In 2011 activities will provide scientific/technical support to the Commission in selected areas of safety of articles and materials in contact with foodstuffs. Activities will include the evaluation of and production of scientific data, as well as the development, harmonization and validation of analytical methodologies and tools dealing with measurements and monitoring of the migration and slow release of chemicals from materials in contact with foods (food packaging and kitchen articles), in support to the harmonised enforcement of food-related legislation and to test new innovative packaging materials (active/intelligent packaging). In particular, specific items will include contributions towards the provision of scientific data in the context of the recast of the plastics Directives, and related to the use of diffusion modelling to predict migration and screening methods. The expected impacts are: Improved risk assessment data to be used in food regulation, support for policies such as Food Policy, specific policies on food contact materials, and consumer policy. In 2011 the European Union Reference Laboratory (EURL) for Food Contact Materials will provide national control laboratories with harmonised analytical tools and methodologies for the migration of chemicals from food contact materials, organise inter-laboratory comparisons for the improvement of reliability of measurements, and to coordinate the EU Network of National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) towards the development of guidelines, information exchange, capacity building and expert workshops or trainings. The overall activity of the EURL-FCM is agreed with DG SANCO and is carried out within the frame of an administrative arrangement on a yearly basis. Activities will include: Coordination of technical meetings with NRLs on test conditions in support of the new developments of legislation; Inter-laboratory comparison on formaldehyde measurement from melamine-based kitchenware in support to the future Regulation on import conditions and on the new simulant for dry foods foreseen by the recast of the plastics directives, and a novel expert workshop on state of the art sensory testing potentially applicable to the better evaluation of compliance with Art 3 of the Framework Regulation 1935/2004 The Expected impacts are: Higher reliability of results across official controls in Europe, improved harmonisation of technical implementation of compliance testing for existing and in anticipation of legislation on FCM, unified competent understanding of NRLs to support both EU legislation and national MS competent authorities.

Note: JRC's Institute for Health and Consumer Protection (IHCP) differentiates between two classes of Actions: Policy Support Actions (PSAs) and Operational Actions (OAs). PSAs provide the formal interface to IHCP's customers. The PSAs describe all the main objectives and associated deliverables agreed beforehand with IHCP's customers. In contrast the OAs describe in more technical detail how IHCP will perform the objectives formalised in the PSAs. The starting place to understand IHCP's workprogramme 2011 is therefore the PSAs, where each objective identifies the customer(s) to whom it is relevant. Moreover, in order to allow a transparent and more detailed mapping of the work, each PSA objective is also cross referenced to the OAs which contributes to the work of the PSA. In similar fashion, each objective in the OAs is cross referenced to the PSA to which they contribute. This Action (CAT) is one of IHCP's Operational Actions and therefore provides a more detailed breakdown of the work defined in the Policy Support Actions ‘Health and Environment (23007)’ and ‘Consumer Protection and Nutrition (15022)’ to which reference has been made in the individual objectives. The deliverables of the CAT action are channelled to the customers through these Policy Support Actions and reference to customers appears in the workprogramme 2011 for these actions.

 
  1
To plan and manage the Action
Deliverable  1.1
Updated project file including minutes of management team meetings (first semester)
15/06/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  1.2
Updated project file including minutes of management team meetings (second semester)
15/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  1.3
First semester Quality Status Report ISO 9001:2008 Certification and ISO17025 Accreditation
29/07/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  1.4
Second semester Quality Status Report ISO 9001:2008 Certification and ISO17025 Accreditation
16/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  1.5
Action budget 2011
31/03/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  1.6
Work programme 2012 and budget table
29/07/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  1.7
First semester progress reports on action review (IHCP and JRC)
30/06/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  1.8
Second semester progress reports on action review (IHCP and JRC)
16/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
  2
To carry out the daily coordination of the EU Member State chemical risk assessment process for safe chemical management (in continuing support to the European Chemicals Agency as part of the hand-over process). - Contributes to JRC Action 23007 Health and Environment with deliverables described under HE: Obj. 5
Deliverable  2.1
Evaluations of risk-assessment reports, new risk-assessment methodologies for the implementation of the Biocidal Products Directive (98/8/C); minutes on 4 expert meetings/workshops organised by JRC; Input from the BIOCIDES-V administrative arrangement to ESIS-portal for updating the info on biocides.
20/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  2.2
Compiled and reviewed risk assessments on biocides in preparation of drafts for peer-reviewed Competent Authorities Reports; Responses to requests for ad-hoc scientific and technical support; Emission Scenario Document for rodenticides
20/12/2011
CAT2 - Policy support documents
Deliverable  2.3
Report on an uncertainty analysis methodology supporting chemical risk assessment throughout several legislations (e.g., General Product Safety Regulation, REACH and Biocides Product Directive): 'Characterising and communicating uncertainties in support of chemical risk assessments: methodology and applications'
31/05/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  2.4
Reviewed risk assessments for existing chemicals to be published as EUR reports (4 EUR reports foreseen in 2011).
30/06/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  2.5
Organization of expert technical workshops and participation to four plenary meetings of the Scientific Committee for Occupational Exposure Limits (SCOEL) for the setting up of occupational exposure limit values for eight selected hazardous chemicals in the workplace.
30/11/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  2.6
Daily management of import-export notifications for dangerous chemicals (2500-3000 notification foreseen in 2011) process on behalf of DG ENV (PIC-III administrative arrangement) including the input to EDEXIM-portal, the dissemination of information to the EU Member States, third countries and United Nations: Environmental Programme Secretariat of the Rotterdam Convention.
23/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
  3
To carry out measurements and modelling in indoor environments for determining the potential impact on human health from the exposure to environmental stressors i.e. chemicals (as single compounds and as mixtures), biological contaminants and physical agents e.g. noise. - Contributes to JRC Action 23007 Health and Environment with deliverables described under HE: Obj. 4, 6
Deliverable  3.1
Organisation of two expert meetings to prepare the state-of-the-art report on biomarkers of exposure for a priority list of chemicals relevant to indoor air.
09/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.2
Progress report on measurements of indoor priority chemicals (volatile organic compounds, aldehydes, ....) and their exposure patterns in selected schools of EU Member States (institutional research linked to the FP7 competitive project 'SINPHONIE' )
20/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.3
Training of SINPHONIE partners on standardised methodologies on sampling and measurements of indoor chemicals (FP7 competitive project 'SINPHONIE' ).
31/10/2011
CAT8 - Training courses
Deliverable  3.4
Report on targeted measurement campaigns for Priority Chemicals such as volatile organic compounds and aldehydes, NO2 and particulate matter of biological origin in a number of homes (to be specified) of a selected cohort of predominantly young adults and their families. The campaigns will be conducted in one or two European cities (to be defined) with the aim of evaluating indoor air quality and human exposure (institutional research linked to the FP7 competitive project SINPHONIE)
20/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.5
Updated version of the Generic Consumer Exposure Modelling Software Framework. EU Data Centre of Human Exposure to environmental chemicals and chemical mixtures (in collaboration with EEA; FP6 competitive project 'HEIMTSA')
30/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.6
Report on the utilization of Computerised Fluid Dynamics modelling for optimizing the performance of office indoor environments in terms of energy consumption and air quality (institutional research linked to the FP7 competitive project 'OFFICAIR')
30/11/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.7
Report on the inflammatory potential of indoor air pollutants and pollutants mixtures (e.g. biologically reactive volatile organic compounds) from environmental chambers tests and field campaigns (institutional research linked to the FP7 competitive project 'OFFICAIR')
20/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.8
Support to the implementation phase of common noise assessment methods in EU (CNOSSOS-EU) (NOISE-III administrative arrangement with DG ENV) and the execution of the ENNAH FP7 project: Progress report on setting up of an EU Database for noise input parameters to be used in connection with CNOSSOS-EU; Setup of a web-based Guidance on the competence use of CNOSSOS-EU for strategic noise mapping; Build the software code of CNOSSOS-EU (modules for road traffic, railway traffic and industrial noise); Preparation of two summary brochures and one Newsletter on the outcome of ENNAH as part of ENNAH's strategy plan and dissemination.
20/12/2011
CAT2 - Policy support documents
Deliverable  3.9
 Deliverable 3.9: 2011-12-23. Co-ordination of the organization and execution of field campaigns and the harmonization of health-based evaluation of emissions from building and consumer products for the PILOT-INDOOR AIR MONIT. Reporting on the outcome of the field campaigns, on the definition of the roadmap for the monitoring approach for priority chemicals in indoor air, and on a harmonized procedure for establishing a common European list of compounds. (Administrative Arrangement with DG-SANCO).
23/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
  4
To assess, test and harmonise methods related to the release of hazardous chemicals from building materials, furniture, and textiles. - Contributes to JRC Action 23007 Health and Environment with deliverables described under HE: Obj. 3
Deliverable  4.1
Report on the evaluation of photo-catalytic reactivity towards nitrous oxides and volatile organic compounds of innovative building and construction materials (FP7 competitive project 'CLEAR-UP')
30/06/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  4.2
Report on indoor environmental chamber (INDOORTRON) studies on formation of secondary-organic-aerosols and radicals (reactive oxygen species) as a result of using terpene-containing consumer products in presence of ozone
30/09/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  4.3
Implementation of the harmonised framework for indoor material labelling schemes in EU: Organisation of two experts meeting for preparing a report on the toxicological based derivation of common European limit values for emissions from building products for a prioritised list of chemicals of concern
31/10/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  4.4
Contributions to the implementation of the JRC inter-institute platform on 'Safe, Healthy, Energy Efficient and Sustainable buildings in EU' in collaboration with other JRC institutes (IPSC, IES, IE, IPTS): Co-organisation with the other JRC Institutes involved of the High Level kick-off event of the Buildings Platform; Setup of the Buildings Platform's web portal
31/10/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
  5
To assess and test the release of hazardous chemicals from food-packaging material and non-food consumer products and to harmonize methods. - Contributes to JRC Action 15022 Consumer Protection and Nutrition with deliverables reported under CPN: Obj. 2
Deliverable  5.1
Survey of dangerous chemicals (formaldehyde, azodyes, and allergenic dyes) in textile clothing (to be specified) and their possible release in contact with skin
16/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  5.2
Analytical methods for the determination of heavy metal impurities in selected non-food consumer products.
01/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  5.3
Systematic investigation on kinetics of migration of plasticizers into foodstuffs in support of the refinement of migration modelling approaches towards exposure and compliance testing of migration into specific foodstuffs (FP7 competitive project 'FACET')
31/10/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  5.4
Compilation of test methods for new innovative packaging materials (active/intelligent packaging)
30/11/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  5.5
Compilation and review of screening tools for use in the future regulation on plastics
01/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  5.6
Compilation and review of test methods for silicone food contact materials in support of future legislative developments on food contact materials
15/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  5.7
Collection of new data for use in the validation of diffusion models towards the extension of the fields of applicability under EC/200/72
15/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
  6
To operate the European Reference Laboratory for Food Contact and Migration from Food Contact Materials, maintain its quality system, and execute the 2011 work plan. - Contributes to JRC Action 15022 Consumer Protection and Nutrition with deliverables reported under CPN: Obj. 3
Deliverable  6.1
Progress reports for each plenary meeting (2) and workshops (4) , and mid-year report (Sep 2011) and maintenance of quality system, and update of databases on methods and substances
09/12/2011
Deliverable  6.2
Development of a validated a method for Tenax as new simulant for dry food in the context of specific migration for plastics and to coordinate its EU inter-laboratory comparison (context of recast of plastics directives - PIM).
12/12/2011
CAT3 - Validated and harmonized methods and measurements
Deliverable  6.3
Inter-laboratory comparison for formaldehyde release from melamine-based kitchenware in support of the future regulation on restrictions for imports from China and Hong-Kong
30/12/2011
CAT3 - Validated and harmonized methods and measurements
Deliverable  6.4
Compilation of sources (commercial and otherwise) of chemicals already regulated in FCM Regulations towards the adequate supply information of calibrants for official controls under 882/2004
30/09/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Deliverable  6.5
Workshop on state of the art sensory testing potentially applicable to the better evaluation of compliance with Art 3 of the Framework Regulation 1935/2004
29/07/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
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