Word
Action number 13109 Last updated 15/04/2011 13:57:55 Year 2011
Title Smart Electricity Systems
Acronym SES
Type Action
Url http://ses.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Institute JRC.F Institute for Energy and Transport (Petten/Ispra)
Leader FULLI Gianluca JRC.F.3   E-Mail
1 Prosperity in a Knowledge intensive society
1.3 Energy and transport
Union of the Electrivity Industry EURELECTRIC
Council of the European Union
European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricy
European Parliament
International Energy Agency
Customer DGs CLIMA - Climate Action
ENER - Energy
ENTR - Enterprise and Industry
ENV - Environment
INFSO - Information Society and Media
RTD - Research
Smart grids, super grids, electricity systems modelling, security, vulnerability and reliability of power systems, storage and renewable integration in the grid, Information & Communication Technology and power system interdependencies.
Rationale
The European power system, one of the largest and most complex machines in the world, is undergoing challenging technological, social and regulatory modifications. Many countries - in Europe and worldwide - are promoting smarter grids integrating new technologies such as renewable energies, distributed generation, storage devices and electric vehicles. Furthermore, transporting and balancing large amounts of renewable electricity calls for a reinforced European transmission system evolving towards a super grid with high capacity backbones. These structural changes are expected to be enabled by a pervasive deployment of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for upgraded monitoring, control, and protection functionalities.
The move towards renewed and redesigned power grids shall be carefully monitored and studied system-wise and technology-wise; as a matter of fact, a number of power disruptions highlighted the risks derived from the lack of coordination and foresight in the electricity systems operation and development. Modernised electric power systems can be increasingly vulnerable to different threats affecting the security of energy supply and consequently fundamental societal functions.
Developing, and to a certain extent reshaping, the European electricity transmission and distribution grids is a crucial step in the pursuit of the EU’s competitiveness, sustainability and security of energy supply objectives for 2020 and beyond. Recent EU legislation and initiatives particularly relevant on this front are: the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan); the Energy Infrastructure Package embedding the Trans-European Networks for Electricity; the Council Directive on European critical energy infrastructures; the Third electricity and gas package; the Directive on renewable energy and the related targets for renewable electricity.
Against this background, the Smart Electricity Systems (SES) Action aims to assess the vulnerability, reliability and security of supply challenges related to the changing EU electricity transmission and distribution systems. SES supports the policy-making process on the developments of the trans-European and power distribution networks, focusing also on advances towards super and smart grids architectures. The behaviour of a smart grid has to be thoroughly simulated and studied in view of reliability and power quality issues. To this aim, dedicated power system models and hardware/software simulation tools are developed and targeted techno-economic analyses and studies are carried out.
Summary of the activity
The SES Action concentrates on the following activities:
- To design, set up and run the first JRC experimental activities on smart grids to assess the adequacy and reliability of micro grid systems embedding renewables and Distributed Energy Resources, including storage.
- To provide technical and policy support to customer DGs on initiatives related to the development and the operation of the current and future transmission and distribution networks, taking into account advances in smart and super grids concepts; this will be done particularly with relation to the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan) and the Energy Infrastructure Package.
- To further develop and improve dedicated models and tools to assess the vulnerability, reliability and security of supply challenges of the EU electricity transmission and distribution systems, during both normal and special operational conditions. The models will be combined with an energy security Geographic Information System (GIS) framework and database, especially designed to communicate results in a user-friendly and geo-referenced manner.
- To strengthen cooperation on research and demonstration on smart transmission and distribution grids with key stakeholders at the EU, Member State and international level.
- To contribute assessing the interdependencies of the ICT and power systems and to implement the work plan of the new FP7 AFTER competitive project on power systems vulnerability identification, defence and restoration.

The SES Action works in close partnership with other JRC Actions, belonging to the JRC Thematic Area "Development of a Low Carbon Society", to provide informed and validated data on electricity networks and smart grids.
 
  1
SMART GRIDS AND STORAGE EXPERIMENTAL ACTIVITIES: To evaluate performance of: i) control systems of smart distribution grids embedding new generation, and ii) innovative storage technologies. This will be done through hardware/software simulation and benchmark against real cases.
  1.1
To evaluate the performance of control systems of smart distribution grids embedding new generation and storage technologies through software simulation tools.
Smart grid test case for the evaluation of real time digital simulator performance and comparison with off-line software simulation tool.
31/12/2011
CAT4 - Technical systems
Set up and fine tuning of a power system real time digital simulator in stand-alone configuration.
31/12/2011
CAT4 - Technical systems
  1.2
To evaluate the performance of smart networks embedding new generation and storage technologies through hardware/software simulation and benchmark against real cases. To correspondingly expand the smart grids experimental capabilities.
Scientific & Technical report on a smart grid system dynamic behaviour addressing also power quality issues.
31/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Note on the potentialities and opportunities to expand the experimental facilities including real-time simulators in a larger laboratory or a real smart grid embedding distributed energy sources and ICT systems. To be coordinated with the SOLAREC, HySaST and FCPoint Actions.
31/12/2011
CAT4 - Technical systems
  1.3
Development of a portable storage unit based on solar energy and compressed air, in collaboration with CAPTURE and SOLAREC Actions.
Development of a portable storage unit based on solar energy and compressed air, in collaboration with CAPTURE and SOLAREC Actions.
31/12/2011
CAT6 - Patents and licenses, inventions
  2
EUROPEAN AND INTERNATIONAL INITIATIVES ON SMART GRIDS: To increase the scientific support in techno-economic matters to DG ENER on the Energy Infrastructure Package and the SET-Plan initiatives, with particular reference to smart electricity grids; to strengthen cooperation with EU and international stakeholders on smart transmission and distribution grids, remarkably in the framework of the EU-US Energy Council, and liaising with agencies and associations as IEA (International Energy Agency) and CIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems).
  2.1
Initiatives and cooperation on smart grids at EU level.
Reports, reviews and notes as requested by DG ENER and DG RTD in support to the Energy Infrastructure Package, with particular regard to smart grids costs and benefits and development of the Trans-European Energy Networks for electricity, and the SET-Plan European Industrial Initiative on electricity grids, in collaboration with the REEF and ASSETS Actions.
30/12/2011
CAT2 - Policy support documents
Peer-review paper discussing critical technical, business and regulatory factors affecting the deployment of smart grids in an EU perspective.
30/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Reference Report "EU 27 Electricity Grid Outlook", giving a comprehensive description at EU level of present assets and future developments of: legislative frameworks, networks and infrastructure, technologies and standards, grid codes and regional markets, in collaboration with the ASSETS Action. Particular attention will be given to interconnections, interoperability and harmonization, as necessary steps towards structuring an internal electricity market as well as on a Technology Roadmap for smart grids.
30/12/2011
CAT2 - Policy support documents
Participation in the Steering Committee meetings of the Smart Grids Joint Programme of the SET-Plan European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) and provision of a new methodology for load shaving management to feed in the relevant sub-programmes.
30/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Reference Report on the benefits and challenges arising from increasing synergies between the electricity grid infrastructure and its components and ICT technologies, in collaboration with the ASSETS and SOS Actions.
30/06/2011
CAT2 - Policy support documents
  2.2
Initiatives and cooperation on smart grids at international level.
Technical note to the US-EU Energy Council, Working Group on Technology, RD&D - Smart grid Sub Group.
30/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
Technical note to CIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems) Working Group on "Planning and optimization methods for active distribution systems".
30/12/2011
CAT4 - Technical systems
  2.3
Enlargement and Integration initiatives.
Workshop "European energy policy - towards a secure energy system", in cooperation with the SOS Action.
30/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
  3
POWER GRIDS MODELLING: To evaluate the impact on selected power grids of the vast deployment of renewable energy and storage technologies; to further develop the EU electricity transmission models, coupled with Geographic Information System on energy, to determine vulnerabilities and assess reliability and security of supply issues.
Deliverable  3.1
Further development of a model of the European trans-border electricity transmission infrastructure and combination with a GIS platform, to support the activities of the Energy Security Unit and of its customers, in collaboration with the SOS and ASSETS Actions.
31/12/2011
CAT4 - Technical systems
Deliverable  3.2
Peer-review paper on the design of new electricity grid architectures for the North Sea offshore wind fields, to facilitate the large scale deployment of offshore wind farms in the region whilst ensuring the reliability of the electricity network, in collaboration with the ASSETS Action.
31/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.3
Development of a regional distribution grid model upon which producing a peer review paper on the assessment of the role of innovative technologies (in particular storage) in the power grids.
31/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.4
Peer review publication on the evolution of ancillary services and reserves in the European power system for ensuring the reliable operation of the power grid at reduced reserve margins, considering high levels of penetration of renewable energies, in collaboration with the ASSETS and SYSTEM Actions.
31/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.5
Peer review publication on the role of active demand in improving electricity grid operation under high renewable energy deployment, in collaboration with the ASSETS Action.
31/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.6
Peer review publication on the role of innovative transmission technologies (such as superconductivity) for power delivery in evolving grids.
31/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Deliverable  3.7
Workshop on the use of gas pipelines for transport of biogas and potential impacts on the electricity system (Joint deliverable with IE BIoS).
31/12/2011
CAT5 - Other policy support products and services
  4
ICT & POWER SYSTEMS VULNERABILITY: To investigate interdependencies and resilience of integrated European power & ICT system with respect to failures caused by different threats and multiple contingencies.
  4.1
To contribute to the FP7 AFTER competitive project on power systems vulnerability identification, defence and restoration.
Description of Power System large outages, generic restoration strategies and evolution and the consequences of some outages which can be considered as a reference of power systems in emergency status.
31/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
Definition of test cases representing specific realistic power systems as sub-systems of larger integrated transmission grids.
31/12/2011
CAT7 - Scientific publications
  4.2
To investigate interdependencies and resilience of power & ICT systems.
Report on electricity and gas modelling of Critical Energy Infrastructures with consideration of cybersecurity aspects (common deliverable with the SOS Action).
31/12/2011
CAT2 - Policy support documents
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