Word
Action number 53103 Last updated 08/12/2011 11:20:59 Year 2012
Title Forensics Analysis and Combating Illicit Trafficking
Acronym FACIL
Type Action
Url
Institute JRC.E Institute for Transuranium Elements (Karlsruhe/Ispra)
Leader MAYER Klaus JRC.E.7   E-Mail
Thematic Area TA5 - Nuclear safety and security
TA5.HLO1 - Within the frame of the 'Smart Growth', the objective is to provide basic knowledge, education and training, and of state-of-the-art nuclear research facilities.
TA5.HLO4 - Within the frame of the 'Citizens' Agenda', the objective is to implement strong and efficient safeguards, non-proliferation and nuclear security regimes with underpinning research and development, standards and innovative tools and to provide technically assessed and analysed data and scientific support to disaster and crisis response, both in terms of nuclear safety and security concerns
TA5.HLO5 - Within the frame of 'EU in the World', the objective is to pursue and further develop international collaborations in order to promote EU's policy and priorities in global nuclear safety and security issues.
5 The EURATOM programme
5.3 Nuclear security
5.3.1 Nuclear Safeguards, Additional Protocol and Combating Illicit Trafficking

DEVCO - Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid
ELARG - Enlargement
ENER - Energy
HOME - Home affairs


Direction of Military Applications (CEA)
BfS - Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz
CC EU - Candidate Countries EU
EEAS - European External Action Service
IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
US DoE - US Department of Energy (DOE)

TAXUD - Taxation and Customs Union


Nuclear security, nuclear forensics, vulnerability, non-proliferation, law enforcement, illicit trafficking, nuclear terrorism
Rationale
"Nuclear terrorism is one of the most challenging threats to international security, and strong nuclear security measures are the most effective means to prevent terrorists, criminals, or other unauthorized actors from acquiring nuclear materials." This statement from the Nuclear Security Summit hosted by US president Obama in April 2010 strongly underpins the need for better collaboration and for further improving the technical means in the nuclear security area. The CBRN action plan, as adopted by the Council, the IAEA's Nuclear Security plan 2010-2013, the Communiqué and the Workplan of the Nuclear Security Summit and other related documents call for concrete steps to be taken for further enhancing nuclear security. ITU has been involved in combating illicit trafficking of nuclear and other ardioactive materials for almost two decades and built up a world-class reputation in nuclear forensics and in response to illicit nuclear incidents. ITU will continue to provide its expertise and enlarge its scientific assets in order to effectively contribute to international efforts for combating illicit trafficking and nuclear terrorism. The collaboration with national authorities (such as law enforcement, regulatory, radiation protection) and international organisations (such as the IAEA, Europol) will be reinforced. The specific tools, skills and facilities available at ITU are assets in combating nuclear terrorism and are complementary to technical means at national level.
Summary of the activity
FACIL will continue to cover all aspects related to the "response to illicit incidents involving nuclear material". Close cooperation with other Actions (of complementary nature, in particular at ITU and IRMM) will contribute to establish a comprehensive approach comprising aspects of detection and response. This includes a) the development of conceptual approaches for formulating and implementing national response plans, b) the research and development in technical nuclear forensics methodologies and c) the application of forensics techniques for investigative case work. The collaboration with national authorities (such as law enforcement, regulatory, radiation protection) and international organisations (such as the IAEA, Europol, Interpol) will be further strengthened. This scientific/technical work is encompassed by appropriate training activities. Training will gain increasingly in importance and this will be reflected in the Annual Work Programme.

Complementarities and synergies with other actions within the Institute and in other Institutes are exploited; the respective collaborative and coordination efforts are described hereafter. The issue of reference materials for nuclear forensics will be addressed jointly with 53102 (METRO) , this comprises the definition, production ad certification of reference materials. Web-based tools for nuclear security applications and appropriate training will continue to be developed, this includes specific nuclear security related training courses for NUCLEONICA and the development of calculational modules and simulation tools. Training in nuclear security will be coordinated with 53201 (NUSIM), this includes the starting implementation of a European Nuclear Security Training Center at ITU. The development and improvement of nuclear forensics analysis techniques will benefit from expertise available in the actions 53108 (NTAS), 52201 (SCNF), 51210 (ANFC) and 51301 (FAR), resulting in joint publications.
 
  01
To develop and consolidate nuclear forensics signatures and the respective measurement methodologies for the characterization and identification of nuclear material for nuclear security or non-proliferation purposes.
Deliverable  01.1
Preparation of a Reference Material for uranium age dating. This will be accomplished jointly with the METRO action (IRMM) and related publications/reports (see also Del.01.2)
31/12/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Reference materials
Nuclear Safeguards and Security
ENER - Energy
IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Deliverable  01.2
Publication on the preparation of uranium age dating reference material and working standards
30/06/2012
Scientific Publications
Nuclear Safeguards and Security
ENER - Energy
IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Deliverable  01.3
Publication on behaviour of selected radionuclides during separation and processing of DNA in a forensic investigation
30/06/2012
Scientific Publications
Nuclear Safeguards and Security
ENER - Energy
HOME - Home affairs
BfS - Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz
IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Deliverable  01.4
Publication on the use of isotopic signatures in nuclear forensics
31/12/2012
Scientific Publications
Nuclear Safeguards and Security
IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  02
Conduct nuclear forensic analysis of illicit nuclear material in support of EU Member States, other states or of international organizations
Deliverable  02.1
Report on the analysis of seized nuclear material to be provided to the requesting national authority or international organization
31/12/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Scientific and policy reports
Nuclear Safeguards and Security
ENER - Energy
IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  03
Continue and strengthen international cooperation in the nuclear security area to further underpin ITU's leading position in this field
  03.1
Continue co-chairing the Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG)
Guidelines to be used in the context of nuclear forensic investigations
31/12/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Scientific and policy reports
2.1.2 Nuclear Safeguards and Security
ENER  - Energy
HOME  - Home affairs
IAEA  - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  03.2
Share experience with IAEA in the nuclear security area and in the nuclear forensics area in particular, through workshops, consultancies and other activities
Participation in IAEA consultancy on nuclear security and provision of a report on the JRC's experience in nuclear forensics
31/12/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Scientific and policy reports
2.1.2 Nuclear Safeguards and Security
IAEA  - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Evaluation of data and of information pertinent to nuclear materials in order to establish correlations between material history and material parameters
31/12/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Validated methods, Reference methods and measurements
2.1.2 Nuclear Safeguards and Security
IAEA  - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  03.3
Contribute to the work of the Global Initiative for Combating Nuclear terrorism (GICNT) by drafting documents and giving technical input.
Document on "Nuclear Forensics basics for policy makers"
31/12/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Scientific and policy reports
2.1.2 Nuclear Safeguards and Security
EEAS  - European External Action Service
  03.4
Continue bilateral cooperation on nuclear forensics with partner institutions under appropriate collaboration agreements
Joint analysis of samples of nuclear material and interpretation of the data
31/12/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Scientific and policy reports
3.1 Global security
Direction of Military Applications (CEA)
US DoE  - US Department of Energy (DOE)
  04
Provide dedicated training on detection and response to nuclear security incidents for enhancing Member States capabilities in the nuclear security area, co-financed by DG HOME.
  04.1
Complete the installation of the European Nuclear Security Training Center (EUSECTRA) at ITU under the existing Admin. Arrangement with DG HOME and focus on adapting traing programme to customer needs..
Indoor training area for frontline officers and measurement experts, suitable for handling nuclear materials.
30/06/2011
JRC Scientific Support - Technical systems
3.1 Global security
HOME  - Home affairs
Outdoor training area for detection of radioactive or nuclear material in vehicles
30/06/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Technical systems
3.1 Global security
HOME  - Home affairs
Pilot Training courses: Two training courses on detection, one for MEST teams and one on nuclear forensics.
30/06/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Training
3.1 Global security
HOME  - Home affairs
  04.2
Provide training on the response to illicit trafficking and radiological events using specifically developed scientific tools, funded through the Enlargement and Integration Program
Seminar on Nuclear Forensics Awareness and Development of a National Response Plan
31/10/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Training
3.1 Global security
ELARG  - Enlargement
CC EU  - Candidate Countries EU
  05
Capacity building for combating illicit trafficking of nuclear materials as part of the enhancement of global nuclear security and in the context of the "Instrument for Stability", co-funded by DG DEVCO.
  05.1
Implementation of onging projects in the nuclear security area with Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia and Azerbaijan.
Specific training for national experts as agreed with the respective beneficiary
30/11/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Training
3.1 Global security
AIDCO  - EuropeAid Cooperation Office
DEVCO  - Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid
Tender procedure based on the technical specifications provided by the beneficiary of the respective countries
30/11/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Technical systems
3.1 Global security
DEVCO  - Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid
  05.1
Increasing the awareness for nuclear forensics and for response to nuclear security incidents in South East Asian countries through specific training courses, in the context of the "CBRN Centre's of excellence" initiative of the EU, funded by DG DEVCO.
Advanced training course on nuclear forensics
30/06/2012
JRC Scientific Support - Training
3.1 Global security
DEVCO  - Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid
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