||Clean Coal and Biomass
Institute for Energy
||1 Prosperity in a Knowledge intensive society
|Agenda No & Title
||1.3 Energy and transport
|Sub-Agenda No & Title
|Customer - users (outside the European
ECN - Energy Research Centre The Netherlands
EEA (European Environment Agency)
Member States and Candidate Countries
Agriculture and Rural Development - AGRI
Development - DEV
Enterprise and Industry - ENTR
Environment - ENV
Research - RTD
Energy and Transport - TREN
Energy & Fuels
||Energy, Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Carbon Capture, Coal, Biomass, Agricultural Residues, Combustion, Co-firing, Gasification, Co-gasification, Biorefinery, (second generation) Biofuels, Material Products/Chemical Feedstocks, Process Control, Emissions Control
Progress in energy technologies, both progressive and disruptive, has
been identified as critical for the EU to reach the challenging
objectives set in the Integrated Energy and Climate Change Action Plan.
The importance of clean coal and bio-energy technologies for the future
EU energy system has been explicitly recognised by the EC and a wide
range of private and public stakeholders through the set-up of European
Energy Technology Platforms on these topics (Zero Emission Fossil Fuel
Power Plants, resp. Biofuels). More recently, the Strategic Energy
Technology Plan (SET-Plan, COM(2007)723), which forms the backbone of
the European Energy Technology Policy, has included European Industrial
Initiatives on carbon capture and storage and on second generation biofuels.
Renewable energies, amongst others bioenergy, are increasingly penetrating the power generation, transport and heat sectors.
Nevertheless, fossil fuels will remain an essential part in the EU
electricity mix for decades to come. Developments in fossil fuel power
generation aim at maximising conversion efficiency, to improve energy
security and mitigate climate change, and enabling capture and storage
of CO2 to achieve near zero emissions, thereby mitigating climate
change. Optimal use of biomass with coal reduces CO2 emissions and
provides additional opportunity to decrease coal imports. Biomass can
substitute for fossil feedstocks in chemicals and biofuels production.
Therefore, coal and biomass play closely related roles in existing energy chains and will continue to do so in the future. As a
consequence, there are two main themes of the CLEANCAB Action, Biomass
and Clean Coal. Within the areas of its competence, CLEANCAB will align
its efforts with the R&D priorities identified by the relevant European Industrial Initiatives and Technology Platforms.
The Action aims to provide S&T expertise to relevant Commission DGs,
international organisations (IEA, EEA, CEN) and to relevant industrial
and academic partners both in the EU, particularly in the newest Member
States, and Candidate Countries. For the Commission, the Action will
specifically direct scientific and technical advice for the development
and monitoring of associated EU policy goals and measures. For coal,
biomass and agricultural industries involved in power, heat and fuel
production, the Action will directly participate in scientific and
technical collaboration projects aimed at increasing process and chain
efficiencies and minimising emissions, including carbon capture.
The Action will follow and actively support developments related to the
European Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan and pay particular
attention to the role it may play at EU level in the establishment of a
verification function for the performance of selected energy conversion
technologies (for example the project network for CCS demonstration).
|Summary of the action
CLEANCAB performs experimental, desk-top and policy support activities.
It addresses fuels and processes for enhanced efficiency and emissions
reduction in energy conversion chains. Particular attention is paid to
integrated conversion processes for coal and biomass to produce heat,
electricity, alternative fuels (including 2nd generation biofuels) as
well as chemical and material feedstocks. The scope includes carbon
capture technologies for abatement of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) (particularly CO2) emissions and the biorefinery concept.
The Action works within the JRC Biofuels Thematic Programme on 2nd
generation biofuels and alternative uses of biomass. In support of the
new renewables directive, CLEANCAB will continue to work closely with DG
TREN on implementation of the Biomass Action Plan and sustainability issues.
For clean coal CLEANCAB will work with DG TREN to support establishment
of a Project Network for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) demonstration.
The technical support covers aspects such as biomass co-firing, oxyfuel
combustion and both pre- and post-combustion capture technologies.
CLEANCAB takes part in joint desk-top studies with ASSETS (13102) on the
SET Plan. Where appropriate, synergy through shared use of facilities
and technical competences with HYSAST (13104), in the field of fuel
storage, and with FCPOINT (13103), in fuel production and utilization will be enhanced.
CLEANCAB critically evaluates performance aspects of thermal and
specific biological energy conversion systems through selective
underpinning research. It focuses on optimum routes to achieve maximum
yield of heat, electricity, fuel/biofuel or chemical feedstock with
maximum use of process residues. Experimental research addresses gasification of biomass and coal, production of alternative
fuels/biofuels/hydrogen, co-firing of biomass and coal, carbon capture,
and biogas production from agricultural residues and energy crops. The
choice of research topics is guided by customer DG needs and the research agendas of the relevant Technology Platforms.
On the request of DGs the Action also provides input to a number of
other closely related policy areas; e.g. the new proposed Industrial
emissions directive, which includes Large Combustion Plants, the
directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (96/61/EC),
Regulation 1774/2002 on animal by-products and the Nitrates Directive (91/676/EEC).
CLEANCAB supports the research work of doctoral students and the
Enlargement and Integration Action of the JRC by organising expert
workshops, training and hosting visiting researchers. Finally, it is involved in strategically selected indirect actions and in
collaborations with relevant organisations in the Member States. Upon
request, CLEANCAB represents Commission services in international technical working groups of IEA Bioenergy.
01 Biofuels Task Force To provide to the Biofuels Thematic Programme, in agreement with the TP coordinator, scientific and technological data on the production of 2nd generation biofuels from ligno-cellulosic feedstocks, including sustainability information and data on alternative uses of biomass for all forms of energy production for input to the main life cycle tool being built within the TF.
02 Biomass Action Plan To provide DG TREN D1 with requested scientific input for implementation of the Biomass Action Plan, as agreed in the JRC-IE/TREN-D Collaboration Agreement, the main parts of which will be to assist in formulating a biomass sustainability scheme for use in the new renewables directive and to represent the Commission in the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement, Tasks 36 & 37.
03 Biogas Recovery To provide DG AGRI F6 with requested scientific input for methane recovery and utilisation as part of the Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development policies, based on reports from IEA Bioenergy Task 37 participation (deliverables 1.2.2 and 1.2.3).
04 Carbon Capture To provide scientific support for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) to DG TREN-C for the establishment of a project network of demonstration projects, expanding on the interim structure put in place in 2008, as outlined in the JRC-IE/TREN-C Collaboration Agreement, and including technical input on carbon capture, biomass co-firing and oxyfuel combustion technologies, and in addition, providing scientific support to DG ENV-C on review and interpretation of the results of Chinese projects addressing basic research and CCS feasibility issues
05 Underpinning Research To conduct underpinning and exploratory research on specific aspects within the process chain from as-mined coal and/or as-harvested biomass feedstock to electricity, alternative fuel/biofuel or heat aiming at high process chain efficiency and low emissions. To further build and strengthen the Action in the areas included in the FP7 MAWP: biorefineries, clean coal technologies (particularly carbon capture) and process integration to achieve maximum efficiency and low emissions along the energy/alternative fuel/chemical product process chain. Some of the work will be carried out within the frame of SCAs and of established collaboration agreements or memoranda of understanding (GIG, ICHPW, ECN)
06 Outreach To provide support to Enlargement & Integration through scientific collaboration, organisation of technical workshops, dissemination of technical information and training of visiting students and scientists.
07 Dissemination & PR To carry out dissemination and education activities on the rationale, scope and outcome of the Action to the scientific community, policy makers and the interested public in cooperation with the Public Relations and Communication (PR&C) Sector.
2009-05-31 01.1 BTF Status Report Status report to the BTP on 2nd generation biofuel industrial demonstration projects and sustainability-related information on alternate uses of biomass
2009-11-30 01.2 BTF Status Report Status report to the BTP on 2nd generation biofuel demonstration projects and sustainability-related information on alternate uses of biomass
2009-12-15 02.1 Sustainability Data Summary reports to DG TREN-BAP and document reviews as part of the development of the biomass sustainability scheme for the new renewables directive
2009-06-30 02.2 IEA Task 37 Report Report on energy recovery via biogas production from agricultural residues, energy crops and municipal green residues to DG TREN-D, DG RTD-K, DG AGRI-F and DG ENV-C as part of the input to the Renewable Energies (Biomass Action Plan), Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development strategies. This input is derived from participation in Task 37 of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement
2009-12-15 02.3 IEA Task 37 Report Report on energy recovery via biogas production from agricultural residues, energy crops and municipal green residues to DG TREN-D, DG RTD-K, and DG AGRI-F as part of the input to the Renewable Energies (Biomass Action Plan), Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development strategies. This input is derived from participation in Task 37 of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement
2009-06-30 02.4 IEA Task 36 Report Report on energy recovery from solid waste management systems to DG TREN-D, DG RTD-K and DG ENV-G as part of the input to the Renewable Energies (Biomass Action Plan) and Waste Management strategies. This input is derived from participation in Task 36 of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement
2009-12-15 02.5 IEA Task 36 Report Report on energy recovery from solid waste management systems to DG TREN-D, DG RTD-K and DG ENV-G as part of the input to the Renewable Energies (Biomass Action Plan) and Waste Management strategies. This input is derived from participation in Task 36 of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement
2009-06-30 03.1 M2M Report Summary data and reports to DG AGRI and document reviews supporting implementation of the Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development policy [on request]
2009-06-30 04.1 Tech Criteria CCS Assistance to DG TREN-C in the definition of technical criteria for the demonstration plants within the CCS project network and technical review of key documents
2009-09-30 04.2 Technologies Assistance to DG TREN-C in definition of technologies for the funding criteria for the CCS demonstration projects
2009-01-13 04.3 Assistance to DG ENV-C on review and interpretation of the work with China on basic research and feasibility issues and review of subsequent gap analysis [on request]
2009-06-30 05.1 ICHPW Report Report to collaboration partner ICHPW (PL) on results of the characterisation of biomass feedstocks by pyrolysis.
2009-05-15 05.2 TUE/BAS Report Report to collaboration partners TUE (NL) and BAS (BG) at the end of the third year of the PhD study on low temperature electrolysis for hydrogen production
2009-08-31 05.3 Draft Paper Biomass Draft paper on biomass feedstock characterisation based on chemical analysis for publication in peer-reviewed journal
2009-07-31 05.4 Draft Paper CO2 Draft paper on carbon dioxide compression for publication in peer-reviewed journal
2009-12-31 05.5 SCA Reports Reports to FP6 project partners (NextGenBioWaste, BIOSYNERGY, FLEXGAS, HUGE and any new SCAs) according to agreed project schedules
2009-11-30 06.1 Workshop Report Report to JRC Enlargement & Integration Unit on clean coal workshop held in cooperation with the Silesian University of Technology (Poland)
2009-12-15 07.1 PR Materials Materials and composition of posters and leaflets to PR&C for exhibitions, conferences and open days
2009-06-30 07.2 Webpage CLEANCAB webpage published