!___BOLDITALIC___START!Policy Theme:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! 1 Prosperity in a Knowledge intensive society
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Agenda No & Title: !___BOLDITALIC___STOP! 1.3 Energy and transport
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Sub-Agenda No & Title: !___BOLDITALIC___STOP! 1.3.1 Energy
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Customer/Users (Outside the European Commission):!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • Candidate Countries • CEN • ECN - Energy Research Centre The Netherlands • IAEA • IEA • IEC • International organization for standardization (ISO) • Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen • Member States Research Organizations • UN/ECE
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Customer DGs( inside the European Commission):!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • Enterprise and Industry-ENTR • Environment-ENV • Research-RTD • Energy and Transport-TREN
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Keywords: !___BOLDITALIC___STOP! Clean energies, sustainability, fuel cells, test methods, harmonization, standardisation, modelling, reforming, networking, performance assessment, reference function, fuel quality
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Rationale:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! Progress in energy technologies, both progressive and disruptive, has been identified as critical for the EU to reach the challenging objectives set in the Integrated Energy and Climate Change Action Plan. Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future energy conversion and in the long-term, may partly substitute current power generation technologies in all end use sectors. Because of their high conversion efficiency and fuel flexibility they contribute to sustainability, reduce dependence on imported fuels and allow diversification of energy supplies. Moreover, the technology can create many high quality jobs in The importance of fuel cell technologies for the future EU energy system has been explicitly recognised by the EC and a wide range of private and public stakeholders through the set-up of an industry-led Joint Technology Initiative in May 2008. The Council Regulation on the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative (FCH JTI) explicitly mentions that the JRC can play a role. The JTI is earmarked as one of the first eight European Industrial Initiatives in the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan, COM(2007)723), which forms the backbone of the European Energy Technology Policy. Because within FP7 the JTI is the source of Community funding for research in fuel cell technologies, it will decide the main orientations of that area of research and FCPOINT activities should attempt to align with the priorities that will be included in the Multi-Annual Implementation Plan (MAIP) of the JTI. This will be achieved by establishing and operating reference laboratories for fuel cell performance assessment that feed directly into the MAIP and that also contribute to the implementation of an independent and expert verification and assessment framework to assess progress in JTI projects. Next to directly supporting standardising and regulatory bodies (thus serving the public interest), this effort will provide the automotive, transport and energy industry with harmonised information and evaluation tools for designing and assessing performance of fuel cell chains and systems needed for their cost-effective deployment.To assist the deployment of fuel cells in transport while safeguarding EU competitiveness, DG ENTR has prepared a draft Regulation which establishes the fundamental requirements for type-approval of hydrogen-powered vehicles, including those propelled by fuel cells. These fundamental requirements are to be complemented by technical specifications to be adopted through a comitology regulation. FCPOINT will provide S&T support on the detailed description of environmental, emission, fuel quality and fuel consumption test methods and procedures covered by the Regulation, as well as on the needed amendment of separate type-approval Directives and Regulations to include specific requirements for fuel cell vehicles. In the same way FCPOINT will act as S&T expert supporting DG ENTR in the negotiations on the establishment of a Global Technical Regulation for hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles within UN-ECE.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Summary of the action:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! The overall FCPOINT objective is to provide S&T support to the development and implementation of Community strategies and actions within the FCH JTI. In this frame, FCPOINT focuses on the development of harmonised and validated measurement techniques, test protocols and assessment procedures to support regulatory and standardisation activities at European or international level, covering both transport and stationary applications. InformFCPOINT is structured into the following main scientific lines:· Execution of pre-normative and underpinning research for development and improvement of performance characterisation methodologies for fuel cells, fuel cell systems and fuel cell power chains: The testing activities focus on the validation & benchmarking of fuel cell test procedures and measurement methodologies for transport and stationary applications, as pre-runners to standards and on the execution of indirect action commitments. Underpinning research aims at enhancing understanding of operation of fuel cell components, single cells and systems by means of mathematical modelling & simulations, experimental model validation, and investigation of newly developed non-noble catalysts for low temperature fuel cells.·Providing S&T support to Community standardisation and regulatory strategies and actions related to it: The action will provide input to the development of regulations, codes and standards (RCS) for fuel cell technologies and applications. It will actively participate to the harmonization of testing procedures and will contribute to standards drafting by conveying results to standardisation activities within IEC TC 105 and ISO TC 197 in the framework of FP6 FCTESQA STREP and FCTEDI SSA. It will align with DG ENTR for its involvement in standardization activities within IEC and ISO. The project has established a close relationship with similar and complementary international activities (DoE, NEDO, KIST, IEA, UN-ECE, CEN, CENELEC).· Reference function on fuel cell related activities in the FCH JTI: To enhance alignment with FCH JTI priorities, the action will engage its existing testing capabilities for fuel cell systems into a reference function for the FCH JTI which will be expanded to single cells and reformer testing. The action will build and expand, where appropriate and possible in terms of available manpower, links to Action 13101 (CLEANCAB) in the field of fuel production and CO2 capture, Action 13103 (HYSAST) in energy storage, and Action 13102 (ASSETS) in joint desktop studies.FCPOINT supports the research work of visiting staff and the JRC Enlargement and Integration Action by organising expertworkshops, summer schools and hosting visiting scientists. The action is involved in strategically selected indirect actions and international collaborations. Where needed FCPOINT will provide support to activities of the ESE Unit triggered by the JRC-IE involvement and role in the SET-Plan Information System (SETIS).Upon request, FCPOINT represents Commission services in international technical working groups of IEA and IPHE.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Objectives:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • 1: To position and perform FCPOINT institutional activities within the FCH-JTI. • 2: to act as S&T expert to DG ENTR on type-approval of hydrogen-powered vehicles • 3: to provide expert and independent input to Standardization and regulatory bodies, to identify and exploit additional opportunities of involvement in UN/ECE WP29 and IPHE, CEN, ISO and IEC technical working groups • 4: to explore and discuss with DG ENV and DG RTD the possible role FCPOINT experimental facilities can play in the European Environmental Technology Verification System to be set up under the EU Environmental Technology Action Plan (ETAP). • 5: To carry out validation & benchmarking of harmonized test methods and test protocols on the performance of fuel cell systems and technologies. • 6: To study PEFC anode catalysts in the frame of FP6 FCANODE STREP using fuel cell catalyst test equipment. • 7: To model fuel cell degradation in an integrated approach for life prediction and evaluation, and to study the effect of flow field geometry and gas diffusion layer (GDL) on fuel cells performance in the frame of the FP7 DECODE project. • 8: To carry out micro-structural characterisations of PEFC as part of the FP6 FCANODE and FP7 DECODE projects. • 9: To develop a standard test cell design for harmonizing single cell and subcomponent testing of fuel cells. • 10: To implement ongoing international commitments related to the future hydrogen economy on behalf the European Commission and to monitor and report on international technical activities from a.o. IPHE, IEA/FCA, and US DoE (multi-annual, continuous objective). • 11: To support the JRC Enlargement Action by organizing a training workshop. Deliverable 11.1:,,Organisation of JRC Summer School on fuel cells targeted at early-stage and experienced researchers from Candidate Countries and Potential Candidate Countries.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Deliverables:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • 1.1: JTI at programme level: support to the activities of the program office of the JTI by delivering expert advice in the form of state-of-the-art reports, gap analyses and support to programme definition when and where required • 1.2: JTI at projects level: identification of a mechanism for the contribution to JTI projects in answer to calls issued by the JTI (pending the publication of related calls by JTI in 2009) • 2.1: Review of emission, fuel quality and fuel consumption aspects of the hydrogen car implementing regulations drafts following the comitology planning and schedule • 2.2: technical evaluation of draft type approval emission, fuel quality and fuel consumption requirements prepared by UN-ECE • 3.1: Report to IEC/TC 105 on the experimental validation of the FCTESTNET/FCTESQA testing procedures for fuel cells as framed within FP6 FCTEDI SSA • 3.2: S&T summary reports in the field of emissions, fuel quality and fuel consumption in support of Sub-Group Environment of the Global Technical Regulation for fuel cell vehicles within the UN-ECE Working Party on Pollution and Energy [continuous and upon request] • 3.3: Report to IPHE Implementation and Liaison Committee and to DG RTD.K2 on RCS gap analysis for stationary applications as framed within the FP6 FCTEDI • 3.4: Ad-hoc report to IEC/TC 105 on the evaluation of standardization needs in the field of fuel cell systems for propulsion and auxiliary power units as appointed convenor of the associated study group • 3.5: Agreement with ISO/TC197WG12 on a common approach in organizing an International Workshop for fuel quality effects on fuel cell performance • 4.1: Report to DG ENV and RTD on meeting conclusions • 5.1: Report to DG RTD.K2 on experimental validation of the FCTESTNET/FCTESQA testing procedures for fuel cells as framed within the FP6 STREP FCTESQA • 5.2: Installation of single cell test laboratory including gas supply lines, gas detection, alarm & safety systems • 5.3: Setup of impurity measuring equipment for assessing effects of hydrogen fuel contaminants on the performance of PEFC using the single cell test facility • 6.1: Report to DG RTD on adsorption properties of novel PEMFC anode materials using existing test facilities as part of the FP6 FCANODE STREP competitive project • 6.2: Peer-reviewed journal publications on CO adsorption/de-sorption on PtRu/C fuel cell anode catalysts submitted • 7.1: Report to DG RTD on fuel cell degradation mechanisms as part of the FP7 DECODE progress reports • 7.2: Peer-reviewed journal publication on the determination by simulation of physical properties of the gas diffusion layer submitted • 7.3: Peer-reviewed journal publication on the simulation of the fuel cell performance submitted • 8.1: Contribution to the publications as part of deliverables 3.2 and 4.2 to 4.4 • 8.4: Peer-reviewed journal publications on the effect of flow field geometry and gas diffusion layer (GDL) on fuel cells performance by CFD simulations submitted • 9.1: Technical report, incl. specifications, on the design of a standard test cell • 10.1: Organisation of an international workshop on Diagnostics Tools in Fuel Cell Technology under the auspices of IPHE and framed within FP6 FCTEDI SSA. • 10.2: US DoE annual review. Report to DG-RTD/K2 on scientific findings and conclusions of the annual review meeting of the US DoE Hydrogen & Fuel Cells program • 10.3: Co-organisation of European Fuel Cell Forum: participation in scientific organising committee • 10.4: Co-organisation of IAEA-IEA Technical Meeting on the use of nuclear methods for fuel cell research • 11.1: Organisation of JRC Summer School on fuel cells targeted at early-stage and experienced researchers from Candidate Countries and Potential Candidate Countries
Last Updated 20/03/2009 09:53:10
Action number 13103 Last updated 20/03/2009 09:53:10 Year 2009
Title Fuel Cell Power Chain Integration and Testing
Acronym FCPoint
Type
Url
Institute IE Institute for Energy
Leader TSOTRIDIS GEORGIOS   E-Mail
Policy Theme 1 Prosperity in a Knowledge intensive society
Agenda No & Title 1.3 Energy and transport
Sub-Agenda No & Title 1.3.1 Energy
Customer - users (outside the European Commission) Candidate Countries
CEN
ECN - Energy Research Centre The Netherlands
IAEA
IEA
IEC
International organization for standardization (ISO)
Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen
Member States Research Organizations
UN/ECE
Customer DGs Enterprise and Industry  - ENTR
Environment  - ENV
Research  - RTD
Energy and Transport  - TREN
Discipline Energy & Fuels
Thermodynamics
Free descriptors Clean energies, sustainability, fuel cells, test methods, harmonization, standardisation, modelling, reforming, networking, performance assessment, reference function, fuel quality
Associated collaborations
Rationale

Progress in energy technologies, both progressive and disruptive, has been identified as critical for the EU to reach the challenging objectives set in the Integrated Energy and Climate Change Action Plan. Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future energy conversion and in the long-term, may partly substitute current power generation technologies in all end use sectors. Because of their high conversion efficiency and fuel flexibility they contribute to sustainability, reduce dependence on imported fuels and allow diversification of energy supplies. Moreover, the technology can create many high quality jobs in The importance of fuel cell technologies for the future EU energy system has been explicitly recognised by the EC and a wide range of private and public stakeholders through the set-up of an industry-led Joint Technology Initiative in May 2008. The Council Regulation on the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative (FCH JTI) explicitly mentions that the JRC can play a role. The JTI is earmarked as one of the first eight European Industrial Initiatives in the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan, COM(2007)723), which forms the backbone of the European Energy Technology Policy. Because within FP7 the JTI is the source of Community funding for research in fuel cell technologies, it will decide the main orientations of that area of research and FCPOINT activities should attempt to align with the priorities that will be included in the Multi-Annual Implementation Plan (MAIP) of the JTI. This will be achieved by establishing and operating reference laboratories for fuel cell performance assessment that feed directly into the MAIP and that also contribute to the implementation of an independent and expert verification and assessment framework to assess progress in JTI projects. Next to directly supporting standardising and regulatory bodies (thus serving the public interest), this effort will provide the automotive, transport and energy industry with harmonised information and evaluation tools for designing and assessing performance of fuel cell chains and systems needed for their cost-effective deployment.

To assist the deployment of fuel cells in transport while safeguarding EU competitiveness, DG ENTR has prepared a draft Regulation which establishes the fundamental requirements for type-approval of hydrogen-powered vehicles, including those propelled by fuel cells. These fundamental requirements are to be complemented by technical specifications to be adopted through a comitology regulation. FCPOINT will provide S&T support on the detailed description of environmental, emission, fuel quality and fuel consumption test methods and procedures covered by the Regulation, as well as on the needed amendment of separate type-approval Directives and Regulations to include specific requirements for fuel cell vehicles. In the same way FCPOINT will act as S&T expert supporting DG ENTR in the negotiations on the establishment of a Global Technical Regulation for hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles within UN-ECE.

Summary of the action

The overall FCPOINT objective is to provide S&T support to the development and implementation of Community strategies and actions within the FCH JTI. In this frame, FCPOINT focuses on the development of harmonised and validated measurement techniques, test protocols and assessment procedures to support regulatory and standardisation activities at European or international level, covering both transport and stationary applications. InformFCPOINT is structured into the following main scientific lines:· Execution of pre-normative and underpinning research for development and improvement of performance characterisation methodologies for fuel cells, fuel cell systems and fuel cell power chains: The testing activities focus on the validation & benchmarking of fuel cell test procedures and measurement methodologies for transport and stationary applications, as pre-runners to standards and on the execution of indirect action commitments. Underpinning research aims at enhancing understanding of operation of fuel cell components, single cells and systems by means of mathematical modelling & simulations, experimental model validation, and investigation of newly developed non-noble catalysts for low temperature fuel cells.· Providing S&T support to Community standardisation and regulatory strategies and actions related to it: The action will provide input to the development of regulations, codes and standards (RCS) for fuel cell technologies and applications. It will actively participate to the harmonization of testing procedures and will contribute to standards drafting by conveying results to standardisation activities within IEC TC 105 and ISO TC 197 in the framework of FP6 FCTESQA STREP and FCTEDI SSA. It will align with DG ENTR for its involvement in standardization activities within IEC and ISO. The project has established a close relationship with similar and complementary international activities (DoE, NEDO, KIST, IEA, UN-ECE, CEN, CENELEC).· Reference function on fuel cell related activities in the FCH JTI: To enhance alignment with FCH JTI priorities, the action will engage its existing testing capabilities for fuel cell systems into a reference function for the FCH JTI which will be expanded to single cells and reformer testing. The action will build and expand, where appropriate and possible in terms of available manpower, links to Action 13101 (CLEANCAB) in the field of fuel production and CO2 capture, Action 13103 (HYSAST) in energy storage, and Action 13102 (ASSETS) in joint desktop studies.FCPOINT supports the research work of visiting staff and the JRC Enlargement and Integration Action by organising expert workshops, summer schools and hosting visiting scientists. The action is involved in strategically selected indirect actions and international collaborations. Where needed FCPOINT will provide support to activities of the ESE Unit triggered by the JRC-IE involvement and role in the SET-Plan Information System (SETIS).

Upon request, FCPOINT represents Commission services in international technical working groups of IEA and IPHE.

Objectives

1: To position and perform FCPOINT institutional activities within the FCH-JTI.

2: to act as S&T expert to DG ENTR on type-approval of hydrogen-powered vehicles

3: to provide expert and independent input to Standardization and regulatory bodies, to identify and exploit additional opportunities of involvement in UN/ECE WP29 and IPHE, CEN, ISO and IEC technical working groups

4: to explore and discuss with DG ENV and DG RTD the possible role FCPOINT experimental facilities can play in the European Environmental Technology Verification System to be set up under the EU Environmental Technology Action Plan (ETAP).

5: To carry out validation & benchmarking of harmonized test methods and test protocols on the performance of fuel cell systems and technologies.

6: To study PEFC anode catalysts in the frame of FP6 FCANODE STREP using fuel cell catalyst test equipment.

7: To model fuel cell degradation in an integrated approach for life prediction and evaluation, and to study the effect of flow field geometry and gas diffusion layer (GDL) on fuel cells performance in the frame of the FP7 DECODE project.

8: To carry out micro-structural characterisations of PEFC as part of the FP6 FCANODE and FP7 DECODE projects.

9: To develop a standard test cell design for harmonizing single cell and subcomponent testing of fuel cells.

10: To implement ongoing international commitments related to the future hydrogen economy on behalf the European Commission and to monitor and report on international technical activities from a.o. IPHE, IEA/FCA, and US DoE (multi-annual, continuous objective).

11: To support the JRC Enlargement Action by organizing a training workshop. Deliverable 11.1:,,Organisation of JRC Summer School on fuel cells targeted at early-stage and experienced researchers from Candidate Countries and Potential Candidate Countries.

Deliverables

2009-12-31  1.1: JTI at programme level: support to the activities of the program office of the JTI by delivering expert advice in the form of state-of-the-art reports, gap analyses and support to programme definition when and where required

2009-12-31  1.2: JTI at projects level: identification of a mechanism for the contribution to JTI projects in answer to calls issued by the JTI (pending the publication of related calls by JTI in 2009)

2009-03-31  2.1: Review of emission, fuel quality and fuel consumption aspects of the hydrogen car implementing regulations drafts following the comitology planning and schedule

2009-12-15  2.2: technical evaluation of draft type approval emission, fuel quality and fuel consumption requirements prepared by UN-ECE

2009-12-20  3.1: Report to IEC/TC 105 on the experimental validation of the FCTESTNET/FCTESQA testing procedures for fuel cells as framed within FP6 FCTEDI SSA

2009-12-15  3.2: S&T summary reports in the field of emissions, fuel quality and fuel consumption in support of Sub-Group Environment of the Global Technical Regulation for fuel cell vehicles within the UN-ECE Working Party on Pollution and Energy [continuous and upon request]

2009-12-21  3.3: Report to IPHE Implementation and Liaison Committee and to DG RTD.K2 on RCS gap analysis for stationary applications as framed within the FP6 FCTEDI

2009-12-21  3.4: Ad-hoc report to IEC/TC 105 on the evaluation of standardization needs in the field of fuel cell systems for propulsion and auxiliary power units as appointed convenor of the associated study group

2009-12-20  3.5: Agreement with ISO/TC197WG12 on a common approach in organizing an International Workshop for fuel quality effects on fuel cell performance

2009-12-20  4.1: Report to DG ENV and RTD on meeting conclusions

2009-12-20  5.1: Report to DG RTD.K2 on experimental validation of the FCTESTNET/FCTESQA testing procedures for fuel cells as framed within the FP6 STREP FCTESQA

2009-12-20  5.2: Installation of single cell test laboratory including gas supply lines, gas detection, alarm & safety systems

2009-12-20  5.3: Setup of impurity measuring equipment for assessing effects of hydrogen fuel contaminants on the performance of PEFC using the single cell test facility

2009-03-15  6.1: Report to DG RTD on adsorption properties of novel PEMFC anode materials using existing test facilities as part of the FP6 FCANODE STREP competitive project

2009-12-20  6.2: Peer-reviewed journal publications on CO adsorption/de-sorption on PtRu/C fuel cell anode catalysts submitted

2009-12-20  7.1: Report to DG RTD on fuel cell degradation mechanisms as part of the FP7 DECODE progress reports

2009-12-23  7.2: Peer-reviewed journal publication on the determination by simulation of physical properties of the gas diffusion layer submitted

2009-12-20  7.3: Peer-reviewed journal publication on the simulation of the fuel cell performance submitted

2009-12-20  8.1: Contribution to the publications as part of deliverables 3.2 and 4.2 to 4.4

2009-12-20  8.4: Peer-reviewed journal publications on the effect of flow field geometry and gas diffusion layer (GDL) on fuel cells performance by CFD simulations submitted

2009-12-20  9.1: Technical report, incl. specifications, on the design of a standard test cell

2009-07-20  10.1: Organisation of an international workshop on Diagnostics Tools in Fuel Cell Technology under the auspices of IPHE and framed within FP6 FCTEDI SSA.

2009-06-30  10.2: US DoE annual review. Report to DG-RTD/K2 on scientific findings and conclusions of the annual review meeting of the US DoE Hydrogen & Fuel Cells program

2009-07-31  10.3: Co-organisation of European Fuel Cell Forum: participation in scientific organising committee

2009-04-30  10.4: Co-organisation of IAEA-IEA Technical Meeting on the use of nuclear methods for fuel cell research

2009-09-20  11.1: Organisation of JRC Summer School on fuel cells targeted at early-stage and experienced researchers from Candidate Countries and Potential Candidate Countries

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