HYSAST supports the safe and cost-effective market penetration of
hydrogen as alternative fuel in vehicles and as energy storage medium
for renewable energy systems. The action focuses on the development of
harmonised and validated measurement techniques, test protocols and
safety assessment procedures to support regulatory and standardisation
activities at European and international level, covering both vehicles
and the hydrogen infrastructure. Information
and data used to provide S&T support is obtained from a combination of laboratory work, networking and desktop studies.
HYSAST will evaluate safety, efficiency and performance of hydrogen
storage and distribution systems. It focuses on the establishment and operation of three EU reference functions:
1. EU reference laboratory on safety and performance assessment of
high-pressure hydrogen (and natural gas) storage tanks through cyclic
and permeation testing. The results will generate still missing
information on long-term mechanical and thermal behaviour of tanks and
their safety performance. The experimental activities are complemented
by computational fluid-dynamics modelling of the fast filling process.
The activities will allow identification of potential safety issues and
of possible gaps in present regulations, codes and standards (RCS) and enable their improvements.
2. EU reference laboratory on hydrogen capacity measurements in
solid-state materials (akin to the SwRI reference laboratory financed by
US-DoE). Accurate and independent assessment of sorption parameters is
essential for further development of promising solid-state storage
materials. The laboratory will provide hydrogen capacity measurements as
impartial validation service to European research centres and university
groups developing new storage materials. A database on experimental
hydrogen capacity parameters will be developed and put at disposition of
EU laboratories. The action will organise benchmarking exercises
enabling the development of guidelines and best practice protocols serving future standardisation needs.
3. EU reference safety centre relying on the competences in
Computational Fluid-Dynamics modelling of (accidental) hydrogen release
and ignition. A review of already world-wide achieved results and a gap
analysis will be performed to assist JTI programming. Part of this
activity will be performed in the frame of the Network of Excellence
HySafe and of the future International Institute for Hydrogen Safety,
follow-up of HySafe. In addition, experimental assessment of hydrogen
safety sensors focusing on safety-critical parameters such as reaction
time, lifetime, sensitivity and cross-sensitivity to other gases and
effect of environmental factors (temperature, humidity and altitude)
will be performed in the context of the safety centre. The results will
be made available to the ISO TC197 Working Group 13 on "hydrogen detection apparatus".
The action will build and expand, where appropriate and possible in term
of available manpower, links to Action 13101 (CLEANCAB) in the field of
safety of hydrogen production and CO2 storage, Action 13104 (FCPOINT) in
hydrogen utilisation, and Action 13102 (ASSETS) in joint desktop studies.
HYSAST supports the research work of visiting staff and the JRC
Enlargement and Integration Action by hosting visiting researchers. The
action is involved in strategically selected indirect actions and international collaborations.
Where needed HYSAST will provide support to activities of the ESE Unit
triggered by the JRC-IE involvement and role in the SET-Plan Information System (SETIS).
Upon request, HYSAST represents Commission services in international technical working groups of IEA and IPHE.