!___BOLDITALIC___START!Policy Theme:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! 2 Solidarity and the responsible management of resources
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Agenda No & Title: !___BOLDITALIC___STOP! 2.2 Natural resources
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Customer/Users (Outside the European Commission):!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • EEA (European Environment Agency) • ENEA • European Business Associations (European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment Business Advisory Group • European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) • European Environment Agency • International organization for standardization (ISO) • Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention (SC) • United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) • United States Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA) • World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Customer DGs( inside the European Commission):!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • Enterprise and Industry-ENTR • Environment-ENV • Eurostat-ESTAT • Research-RTD • Health and Consumer Protection-SANCO • Energy and Transport-TREN
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Keywords: !___BOLDITALIC___STOP! Sustainable consumption and production (SCP), sustainable use of natural resources, waste management, end-of-life, life cycle thinking (LCT), life cycle assessment (LCA), indirect environmental effects, eco-design, EU eco-label, carbon eco-labels/footprints, environmental product declarations (EPDs), environmental technology verification (ETV), eco-management and auditing scheme (EMAS), biowaste, biofuel, life cycle-based sustainability indicators, economic/environmental decoupling indicators, reference data systems, technical guidance documents, contaminated land assessment, persistent organic pollutants, dioxins, multimedia chemical fate modelling, environmental monitoring, bio-monitors, environmental chemistry, spatially referenced data, European contaminant fate maps.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Rationale:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! Achieving Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) requires an integrated strategy. The SCP Action Plan aims to reduce the overall environmental impacts and the resources consumed that are associated with goods and services (products). In one integrated framework, this accounts for their supply, use, as well as the end-of-life processes related to the wastes - a life cycle approach. This is irrespective of where related activities occur globally or the type of environmental impact.The SCP Action Plan integrates a number of environmental policies and strategies under one umbrella. The Integrated Product Policy Communication (COM (2003) 302) is a cornerstone, introducing the requirement of life cycle thinking. The full life cycle, from resource extraction through to end-of-life processes, is addressed through the Thematic Strategies on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources (COM(2005) 670) and on the Prevention and Recycling of Waste (COM(2005) 666). A notable component is the revision to the Waste Framework Directive, where life cycle thinking complements the waste hierarchy (reduce, recycle, etc.).The ENSURE Action combines analytical and modelling support on specific end-of-life issues, with a critical mass of in-house expertise to meet the underlying environmental assessment and monitoring needs of these SCP instruments and policies.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Summary of the action:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! The ENSURE Action provides the knowledge-basis for policies and community initiatives that target specific issues related to end-of-life processes, such as reducing risks of dioxin emissions from incineration or assessing contaminated sites. But, as stated in the Waste Framework Directive as well as the SCP Action Plan, these end-of-life processes cannot be considered in isolation. This Action therefore complements these through Life Cycle Thinking and associated Assessments (LCA).Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) help decision-makers answer questions such as "What is the best environmental option for recovering materials and energy from biowaste?" and "What are globally the environmental impacts attributable to the EU-27's consumption of resources and waste?". Climate change, effects on biodiversity from land use, and other impacts as well as resource scarcity are all taken into account in one integrated framework of comparative indicators. Combining these indicators through socio-economic weighting helps to avoid the shifting of burdens.The ENSURE Action is developing a series of life cycle-based technical guidance documents with associated pilot studies. These not only support end-of-life policies, but equally the closely related environmental assessment needs of eco-design applications in general, of eco-labels such as carbon footprints, the assessment of indirect environmental effects in eco-management and auditing schemes (EMAS), as well as identification of the important attributes in environmental technology verification (ETV).Robust foundations for SCP are assured by expertise through the European Platform on LCA, established by DG ENV with the JRC's IES. This supports the development of the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) as well as the European Reference Life Cycle Database (ELCD).With ESTAT, working also closely with the EEA and DG ENV via the Environmental Data Centres, life cycle based indicators are being developed for wastes, products, and natural resources to facilitate SCP monitoring at the EU and Member State levels. These SCP indicators account for the environmental impacts and resources consumed that are associated with goods and services, taking into account their supply, use, as well as end-of-life processes. These equally provide important sub-indicators, such as Carbon Footprints as well as the basis to monitor environmental and economic decoupling.Complementing these broad assessments, the ENSURE Action provides cutting-edge modelling and monitoring for specific end-of-life issues. In supporting specific policy support needs, these research activities equally contribute to international initiatives such as the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).Bringing together the life cycle, analytical, and modelling expertise, pilot studies focus on services such as wastewater treatment including sewage sludge as well as on end-of-life processes linked to biowaste, composting, recycling, contaminated sites, managing construction waste and waste-to-energy (biofuels).Key International Activities- Neighbouring countries, candidate countries, and other Non European Union Nations: Agreements with China, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Brazil, and US in relation to supporting internationally coherent and quality-assured life cycle data, methods, and studies, as required by the Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Action Plan.- Formal interactions with World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) to contribute to developing a robust, quality-assured life cycle basis for the Carbon eco-labels (footprints), including as an input to international standards, private schemes, and activities of DG ENV.- United Nations Environment Program (UNEP): 1) Implementation of EC/UNEP MoU and JRC/UNEP Collaboration Agreement in relation to global interactions for coherent and quality-assured life cycle data, methods, and studies. 2) to contribute to the development of the Toolkit for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)/Dioxin emissions in the frame of the Stockholm Convention implementation.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Objectives:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • 01.00 Through the DG ENV/JRC European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), in collaboration with 16 business associations, 5 third countries, UNEP, and other stakeholder advisory bodies, provision of a series of guidance documents and quality-assured data to support the coherent international use of LCA in Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP). • 02.00 Development of guidance documents for life cycle thinking to support coherent Sustainable Consumption and Production policies, including the guidance for life cycle thinking in the Waste Framework Directive. • 03.00 Provision of life cycle based indicators for the Environmental Data Centres on Products, Resources and Waste to monitor Sustainable Consumption and Production coordinated by ESTAT. (interaction with the EEA) • 04.00 Provision of integrated framework and indicators for environmental impact assessment and resource consumption for cross-comparison in support of Sustainable Consumption and Production Action Plan, the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) and the Environmental Data Centres on Products, Resources and Waste coordinated by ESTAT. (interaction with Actions ICPA-EEI, ATEAM, AGRI-ENV, EEWAI, CONSUM; the EEA, the Biofuels Thematic Programme) • 05.00 EU-wide modelling and monitoring of contaminants in sewage sludge, solid wastes, composts, and waste-derived fuels.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Deliverables:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • 01.01 International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Executive Summary Report: A joint JRC/ENV Reference Report for the media and senior management on What is Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, Why are these important, and How does the ILCD meet the international need to ensure quality and coherence in the public and private sectors for SCP. [31 July 2009; Category 2] • 01.02 ILCD International Launch: a major international workshop on the ILCD for senior government and industry representatives, including Commission representatives from at least ENV, TREN, and ENTR as well as media. • 01.03 Improving Quality-Assurance of Data in the European Reference Life Cycle Database (ELCD): by implementing and fine-tuning the ILCD Certification scheme for verifiers/reviewers through the peer review of 20 data sets in the ELCD database. • 02.01 A joint JRC/ENV Reference Report to provide strategic guidance, aimed at media and senior management, for integrating Life Cycle Thinking for the management of all types of waste according to International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) requirements. • 02.02 Publication of life cycle based bio-waste management guidance document, taking into account options for waste-to-energy (biofuel) and composting. (interaction with the Biofuels Thematic Programme, interaction with IPTS' SUSPROC Action) • 02.03 Strategy paper for DG ENV, ENTR, and TREN for tailoring the life cycle methodology based on the ILCD for energy-related products and for up-dating existing approaches as applied in the preparatory studies of the Energy-using Products eco-design Directive.(interaction with IPSC's SAFECONSTRUCT Action, ISO TC 350) • 02.04 Strategy paper for DG ENV for development of approach for life cycle assessment based on the ILCD for the identification of key environmental parameters when testing end-of-life technologies under the Environmental Technology Verification Scheme and when reporting environmental claims. (interaction with SUSPROC Action) • 02.05 Draft technical annex for DG ENV for development and testing for identifying key environmental criteria using life cycle assessment and based on the ILCD for reporting in the context of EU Eco-Labels Directive. (analogous to 2.2 and 2.4) • 03.01 Draft life cycle indicators for monitoring decoupling of overall environmental impacts from economic growth including burdens associated with imports/exports. • 03.02 Draft life cycle indicators for monitoring overall environmental impacts from the management of selected wastes as well as for a basket of most-environmentally impacting products. • 03.03 Guidance document based on International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) as well as aforementioned indicators for the calculation of Carbon eco-labels/footprints. (contributing to World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and development of standards) (interaction with Action ICPA-EEI) Support to sub-Priority Area 'Climate Change'. • 04.01 Report on social and economic methods and data for weighting, or cross-comparison, of generic human health, ecosystem and natural resource indicators including for climate change, toxicological effects, eutrophication, land use, and others for use in SCP applications particularly the environment/economic decoupling indicators. • 04.02 Report on methods and plan for assessing the environmental impacts of different types of land use within the context of life cycle, contaminated site risk, and other assessment to enable cross-comparison with eco-toxicological, eutrophication, climate change and other impacts at the level of biodiversity. • 05.01 Report on global spatial contaminant fate model for use in life cycle and comparative risk assessments, providing an evaluation using a geo-referenced monitoring data set for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) as well as insights into the importance of spatial variation versus the applicability of generic indicators as a function of emission scenarios and key physical-chemical parameters for a structured set of representative contaminants. (interaction with Actions ATEAM, AGRI-ENV, CONSUM; the EEA) • 05.02 Building links with UNEP GEO regional assessments on POPs, development of a database and model analyses of contaminants in lipid samples that are subject to the Stockholm and Rotterdam Convention. • 05.03 EU-wide contaminant monitoring data on wastewaters including sewage sludge and effluents. • 05.04 EU-wide monitoring data on biowastes and other non-hazardous wastes. • 05.05 EU-wide monitoring data on biowastes and other non-hazardous wastes. • 05.06 Reactivation of scientific network HERACLES (Human and Ecological Risk Assessments for Contaminated Land in European Member States) for the development of harmonised risk assessment methodologies for contaminated sites. Progress Report to be delivered to DG ENVIRONMENT (in collaboration with the SOIL Action (22004) of IES).
Last Updated 19/03/2009 11:40:01
Action number 22005 Last updated 19/03/2009 11:40:01 Year 2009
Title Environmental Assessment of European Waste and the Sustainable Use of Resources
Acronym ENSURE
Type
Url
Institute IES Institute for environment and sustainability
Leader PENNINGTON DAVID   E-Mail
Policy Theme 2 Solidarity and the responsible management of resources
Agenda No & Title 2.2 Natural resources
Sub-Agenda No & Title
Customer - users (outside the European Commission) EEA (European Environment Agency)
ENEA
European Business Associations (European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment Business Advisory Group
European Committee for Standardisation (CEN)
European Environment Agency
International organization for standardization (ISO)
Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention (SC)
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
United States Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA)
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)
Customer DGs Enterprise and Industry  - ENTR
Environment  - ENV
Eurostat  - ESTAT
Research  - RTD
Health and Consumer Protection  - SANCO
Energy and Transport  - TREN
Discipline Engineering, Industrial
Computer Science, Information Systems
Environmental Sciences
Mining & Mineral Processing
Engineering, Environmental
Free descriptors Sustainable consumption and production (SCP), sustainable use of natural resources, waste management, end-of-life, life cycle thinking (LCT), life cycle assessment (LCA), indirect environmental effects, eco-design, EU eco-label, carbon eco-labels/footprints, environmental product declarations (EPDs), environmental technology verification (ETV), eco-management and auditing scheme (EMAS), biowaste, biofuel, life cycle-based sustainability indicators, economic/environmental decoupling indicators, reference data systems, technical guidance documents, contaminated land assessment, persistent organic pollutants, dioxins, multimedia chemical fate modelling, environmental monitoring, bio-monitors, environmental chemistry, spatially referenced data, European contaminant fate maps.
Associated collaborations
Rationale

Achieving Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) requires an integrated strategy. The SCP Action Plan aims to reduce the overall environmental impacts and the resources consumed that are associated with goods and services (products). In one integrated framework, this accounts for their supply, use, as well as the end-of-life processes related to the wastes - a life cycle approach. This is irrespective of where related activities occur globally or the type of environmental impact.

The SCP Action Plan integrates a number of environmental policies and strategies under one umbrella. The Integrated Product Policy Communication (COM (2003) 302) is a cornerstone, introducing the requirement of life cycle thinking. The full life cycle, from resource extraction through to end-of-life processes, is addressed through the Thematic Strategies on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources (COM(2005) 670) and on the Prevention and Recycling of Waste (COM(2005) 666). A notable component is the revision to the Waste Framework Directive, where life cycle thinking complements the waste hierarchy (reduce, recycle, etc.).

The ENSURE Action combines analytical and modelling support on specific end-of-life issues, with a critical mass of in-house expertise to meet the underlying environmental assessment and monitoring needs of these SCP instruments and policies.

Summary of the action

The ENSURE Action provides the knowledge-basis for policies and community initiatives that target specific issues related to end-of-life processes, such as reducing risks of dioxin emissions from incineration or assessing contaminated sites. But, as stated in the Waste Framework Directive as well as the SCP Action Plan, these end-of-life processes cannot be considered in isolation. This Action therefore complements these through Life Cycle Thinking and associated Assessments (LCA).

Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) help decision-makers answer questions such as "What is the best environmental option for recovering materials and energy from biowaste?" and "What are globally the environmental impacts attributable to the EU-27's consumption of resources and waste?". Climate change, effects on biodiversity from land use, and other impacts as well as resource scarcity are all taken into account in one integrated framework of comparative indicators. Combining these indicators through socio-economic weighting helps to avoid the shifting of burdens.

The ENSURE Action is developing a series of life cycle-based technical guidance documents with associated pilot studies. These not only support end-of-life policies, but equally the closely related environmental assessment needs of eco-design applications in general, of eco-labels such as carbon footprints, the assessment of indirect environmental effects in eco-management and auditing schemes (EMAS), as well as identification of the important attributes in environmental technology verification (ETV).

Robust foundations for SCP are assured by expertise through the European Platform on LCA, established by DG ENV with the JRC's IES. This supports the development of the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) as well as the European Reference Life Cycle Database (ELCD).

With ESTAT, working also closely with the EEA and DG ENV via the Environmental Data Centres, life cycle based indicators are being developed for wastes, products, and natural resources to facilitate SCP monitoring at the EU and Member State levels. These SCP indicators account for the environmental impacts and resources consumed that are associated with goods and services, taking into account their supply, use, as well as end-of-life processes. These equally provide important sub-indicators, such as Carbon Footprints as well as the basis to monitor environmental and economic decoupling.

Complementing these broad assessments, the ENSURE Action provides cutting-edge modelling and monitoring for specific end-of-life issues. In supporting specific policy support needs, these research activities equally contribute to international initiatives such as the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).

Bringing together the life cycle, analytical, and modelling expertise, pilot studies focus on services such as wastewater treatment including sewage sludge as well as on end-of-life processes linked to biowaste, composting, recycling, contaminated sites, managing construction waste and waste-to-energy (biofuels).

Key International Activities

- Neighbouring countries, candidate countries, and other Non European Union Nations: Agreements with China, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Brazil, and US in relation to supporting internationally coherent and quality-assured life cycle data, methods, and studies, as required by the Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Action Plan.

- Formal interactions with World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) to contribute to developing a robust, quality-assured life cycle basis for the Carbon eco-labels (footprints), including as an input to international standards, private schemes, and activities of DG ENV.

- United Nations Environment Program (UNEP): 1) Implementation of EC/UNEP MoU and JRC/UNEP Collaboration Agreement in relation to global interactions for coherent and quality-assured life cycle data, methods, and studies. 2) to contribute to the development of the Toolkit for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)/Dioxin emissions in the frame of the Stockholm Convention implementation.

Objectives

01.00 Through the DG ENV/JRC European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), in collaboration with 16 business associations, 5 third countries, UNEP, and other stakeholder advisory bodies, provision of a series of guidance documents and quality-assured data to support the coherent international use of LCA in Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP).

02.00 Development of guidance documents for life cycle thinking to support coherent Sustainable Consumption and Production policies, including the guidance for life cycle thinking in the Waste Framework Directive.

03.00 Provision of life cycle based indicators for the Environmental Data Centres on Products, Resources and Waste to monitor Sustainable Consumption and Production coordinated by ESTAT. (interaction with the EEA)

04.00 Provision of integrated framework and indicators for environmental impact assessment and resource consumption for cross-comparison in support of Sustainable Consumption and Production Action Plan, the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) and the Environmental Data Centres on Products, Resources and Waste coordinated by ESTAT. (interaction with Actions ICPA-EEI, ATEAM, AGRI-ENV, EEWAI, CONSUM; the EEA, the Biofuels Thematic Programme)

05.00 EU-wide modelling and monitoring of contaminants in sewage sludge, solid wastes, composts, and waste-derived fuels.

Deliverables

2009-07-31  01.01 International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Executive Summary Report: A joint JRC/ENV Reference Report for the media and senior management on What is Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, Why are these important, and How does the ILCD meet the international need to ensure quality and coherence in the public and private sectors for SCP. [31 July 2009; Category 2]

2009-10-31  01.02 ILCD International Launch: a major international workshop on the ILCD for senior government and industry representatives, including Commission representatives from at least ENV, TREN, and ENTR as well as media.

2009-11-30  01.03 Improving Quality-Assurance of Data in the European Reference Life Cycle Database (ELCD): by implementing and fine-tuning the ILCD Certification scheme for verifiers/reviewers through the peer review of 20 data sets in the ELCD database.

2009-06-30  02.01 A joint JRC/ENV Reference Report to provide strategic guidance, aimed at media and senior management, for integrating Life Cycle Thinking for the management of all types of waste according to International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) requirements.

2009-09-30  02.02 Publication of life cycle based bio-waste management guidance document, taking into account options for waste-to-energy (biofuel) and composting. (interaction with the Biofuels Thematic Programme, interaction with IPTS' SUSPROC Action)

2009-04-30  02.03 Strategy paper for DG ENV, ENTR, and TREN for tailoring the life cycle methodology based on the ILCD for energy-related products and for up-dating existing approaches as applied in the preparatory studies of the Energy-using Products eco-design Directive.(interaction with IPSC's SAFECONSTRUCT Action, ISO TC 350)

2009-05-31  02.04 Strategy paper for DG ENV for development of approach for life cycle assessment based on the ILCD for the identification of key environmental parameters when testing end-of-life technologies under the Environmental Technology Verification Scheme and when reporting environmental claims. (interaction with SUSPROC Action)

2009-03-31  02.05 Draft technical annex for DG ENV for development and testing for identifying key environmental criteria using life cycle assessment and based on the ILCD for reporting in the context of EU Eco-Labels Directive. (analogous to 2.2 and 2.4)

2009-09-30  03.01 Draft life cycle indicators for monitoring decoupling of overall environmental impacts from economic growth including burdens associated with imports/exports.

2009-12-31  03.02 Draft life cycle indicators for monitoring overall environmental impacts from the management of selected wastes as well as for a basket of most-environmentally impacting products.

2009-10-31  03.03 Guidance document based on International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) as well as aforementioned indicators for the calculation of Carbon eco-labels/footprints. (contributing to World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and development of standards) (interaction with Action ICPA-EEI) Support to sub-Priority Area 'Climate Change'.

2009-09-30  04.01 Report on social and economic methods and data for weighting, or cross-comparison, of generic human health, ecosystem and natural resource indicators including for climate change, toxicological effects, eutrophication, land use, and others for use in SCP applications particularly the environment/economic decoupling indicators.

2009-09-30  04.02 Report on methods and plan for assessing the environmental impacts of different types of land use within the context of life cycle, contaminated site risk, and other assessment to enable cross-comparison with eco-toxicological, eutrophication, climate change and other impacts at the level of biodiversity.

2009-11-30  05.01 Report on global spatial contaminant fate model for use in life cycle and comparative risk assessments, providing an evaluation using a geo-referenced monitoring data set for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) as well as insights into the importance of spatial variation versus the applicability of generic indicators as a function of emission scenarios and key physical-chemical parameters for a structured set of representative contaminants. (interaction with Actions ATEAM, AGRI-ENV, CONSUM; the EEA)

2009-11-30  05.02 Building links with UNEP GEO regional assessments on POPs, development of a database and model analyses of contaminants in lipid samples that are subject to the Stockholm and Rotterdam Convention.

2009-07-31  05.03 EU-wide contaminant monitoring data on wastewaters including sewage sludge and effluents.

2009-11-30  05.04 EU-wide monitoring data on biowastes and other non-hazardous wastes.

2009-11-30  05.05 EU-wide monitoring data on biowastes and other non-hazardous wastes.

2009-12-31  05.06 Reactivation of scientific network HERACLES (Human and Ecological Risk Assessments for Contaminated Land in European Member States) for the development of harmonised risk assessment methodologies for contaminated sites. Progress Report to be delivered to DG ENVIRONMENT (in collaboration with the SOIL Action (22004) of IES).

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