!___BOLDITALIC___START!Policy Theme:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! 1 Prosperity in a Knowledge intensive society
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Agenda No & Title: !___BOLDITALIC___STOP! 1.3 Energy and transport
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Sub-Agenda No & Title: !___BOLDITALIC___STOP! 1.3.1 Energy
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Type : !___BOLDITALIC___STOP! Coordinating Action
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Customer/Users (Outside the European Commission):!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • Companies, industrial associations and financial analysts • EEA (European Environment Agency) • IEA
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Customer DGs( inside the European Commission):!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • Agriculture and Rural Development-AGRI • Development-DEV • Economic and Financial Affairs-ECFIN • Environment-ENV • Trade-TRADE • Energy and Transport-TREN
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Keywords: !___BOLDITALIC___STOP! Bio-fuels, Sustainability, Land Use Change, Indirect effects, Life-cycle analysis, Greenhouse gases, Agriculture, Tropical forests, Bio-waste, 2nd generation biofuels, Energy Efficiency, Emissions Reduction, Well to Wheel.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Rationale:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! "Biofuels" is currently the subject of a wide-ranging societal debate on questions of costs, security of energy supply, green-house gas emissions, sustainability of production systems, impact on food production and biodiversity. In its report on March 2008 "Biofuels in the European context: facts and uncertainties" the JRC evidenced considerable uncertainties in the greenhouse gas savings from biofuels, mainly related to indirect effects due to displacement of agricultural production.These are some of the many issues associated with a renewed interest in this source of energy. Biofuels sustainability in particular is the objective of intensive discussions and debates in Europe. Environmental sustainability criteria and verification requirements for biofuels were included in the Commission proposal of a Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, and amendments to this proposal are currently under discussion in the Council and the European Parliament.Considering this increase of attention on the use of biofuels for transport, the Joint Research Centre has decided to intensively study research topics and policy relevant questions and to address the most critical and open issues through the definition of a Thematic Programme which involves all key scientists from various JRC Institutes (IES, IPSC, IPTS and IE) and will develop throughout 2009.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Summary of the action:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! The Biofuels Thematic Programme for 2009 will focus on he definition, analysis, testing of sustainability criteria for biofuels production and use. The work will concentrate on sensitive area of the production systems which require specific attention from a scientific but also policy point of view. Of particular relevance will be the definition of applicable (e.g. verifiable in compliance schemes) criterias which can eventually support certification systems.Questions of land use and indirect land use changes (ILUC) associated with biofuel production (all production pathways of relevance to Europe) and associated green-house gas (GHG) emissions will have priority (through modeling, observations and experimental measurements). Soil erosion and degradation, maintenance of biodiversity, impact on water resources will be included in the analysis. (Package 1, Objectives 1 to 9)Three Steps are necessary for Modelling and evaluation of Indirect GHG Emissions:1. Model the increase in crop production in all producer regions of the world, which result from a given increment of demand for biofuels. Suitable global agro-economic models are usually based on partial equilibrium economic modelling. The effects of each "biofuels" scenario are evaluated with respect to a reference scenario. The results of this first step are the effect of the change in biofuels demand on production per crop per region.2. Convert extra production per region per crop into an estimate of how much extra land would be planted with crops in each region, as a result of the change in biofuels demand, and what land use would be replaced. The result of this step is expressed in hectares of land converted to cropping from pasture, forest, or natural land.3. Convert the land use changes into an estimate of extra GHG emissions resulting from the given change in biofuel demand. This may be done in a rough way using agro-environmental zoning, or more precisely by:- locating the likely areas of cropland expansion on a map.- estimating land use change emissions on the basis of soil maps and climate- ideally, estimating also the annual GHG emissions from farming in the new areas (from tractor diesel, fertilizer production, N2O etc.).The results of this step are total one-off GHG emissions from land-use change, plus (ideally) the marginal annual farming emissions from the newly-planted areas.Technological developments in industrial production systems will be integrated in a revision of the well to wheel study focusing on biofuels. Technological foresight will provide insights on possible developments. Fuel compatibility will be also assessed. (Package 2, Obectives 10 and 11)Social criteria and economic analysis on the "food vs fuels" debate will only be partially covered by JRC; existing documentation on associated issues will be assembled and additional studies about impact on food in developing countries might be incorporated in future.
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Objectives:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • 01.00 Coordination with researchers in other organisations and countries that are carrying out work in ILUC modeling, with a purpose of benefiting from the understanding developing in those other bodies and attempting to ensure a common view of the correct approach to understanding and accounting for ILUC emissions. Making more (conventional) biofuels in EU will increase demand for crops. To some extent this will displace arable food production onto land used for other purposes, both inside and outside EU, and can lead to extra GHG emissions. In order to assess the size and location of these effects, the first step requires an agroeconomic model which can estimate how much land use change will occur, and in which countries. Such models exist and are developing rapidly (e.g. latest GTAP versions at Purdue University, LEITAP model at LEI Wageningen etc.), and JRC may also develop/use internal expertise. However, in the normal course of events, each group would chose different biofuel policy scenarios and different reference scenarios. It is therefore necessary to agree a standard "reference scenario" for global biofuels demand and several "extra biofuels scenarios". These would be run as input data by the different agro-economic modelling groups. The thematic program may take advantage from interacting with the modellers in various institutions, ensuring that they are based on realistic and comparable biofuels scenarios, and that the results are in a form which can be used by our soils and emissions experts. • 02.00 Analysis of the impacts of non-food usage of agricultural commodities, especially for bio-energy, by means of agricultural sector models. Integrated impact assessment of increase in biofuels demand in EU (economic and technological dimensions) • 03.00 Definition of environmental indicators to be implemented in modelling systems for ex-post and ex-ante assessment of Rural Development policies linking scenarios with biophysical and economic modelling • 04.00 Location of arable land expansion in different countries/regions. Agroeconomic models will provide output of how much extra crop would be produced in different countries/worlds regions as a result of biofuels policy. Some models also predict the area of land use change in each region. This task must locate geographically where this land use change will occur on the basis of existing cropped areas and land suitability. • 05.00 Estimating soil Carbon (C) loss associated with scenarios of change in cropping system under demand for biofuels on the basis of world maps (soils and land use). • 06.00 Estimating annual farming GHG emissions (including Nitrous Oxide (N2O) from soils) from biofuels crops in EU-NUTS2 regions. Regionalized Emission Factors (EFs) for N2O from agricultural soils will be simulated for major biofuel crops in Europe ex post around year 2000. Use will be made of the database on agrophenological observations and cultivar-specific parameterization of biofuel crops, both under development in the AGRI4CAST action. N2O emission factors will be compared with the data of the JRC-EUCAR-CONCAWE (JEC) study. • 07.00 Estimating marginal annual farm emissions (per ton of crops) due to yield intensification. Marginal N2O emissions as response to yield intensification will be calculated with the DNDC-CAPRI meta-model. Outside EU, the marginal emissions will be estimated from the marginal crop productions using factors derived by comparing JRC results for EU, with literature data for US and other regions. In addition, the estimation of GHG emission inventories for European Member States and several world country aggregates will be carried out by updating the CAPRI model. The adaptation of the agricultural sector model CAPRI to cover biofuels policy at Member State level will provide an integrated assessment of an increase in biofuel demand in Europe. This should help analysing the effects of changing agricultural practices on greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Based upon availability of CAPRI-scenarios (AGRITRADE action), this task will estimate marginal emissions in biofuels scenarios in comparison to a reference scenario • 08.00 Recommendations for the incorporation of the above (and other relevant) results in developing sustainability criteria and practical approaches to their implementation. • 09.00 Estimating the current and future pressure on tropical and other forests caused by agricultural and wood demand increments from biofuels and bioenergy • 10.00 Technologies of biomass utilization in processes including 2nd generation biofuels and other bio-products replacing fossil fuels. • 11.00 Technical compatibility of new fuels and advanced vehicles. Emissions associated with biofuels production, energy efficiency and environmental impact of vehicles driven with biofuels will be assessed, with special emphasis on bio-ethanol and bio-diesel blends
!___BOLDITALIC___START!Deliverables:!___BOLDITALIC___STOP! • 01.02 Collation of results of different models predicting effects of biofuel production on agricultural production in different world regions (IE/BioS and IES/GHG-AFOLU) [31/12/2009] • 01.02 Expert consultation for the definition of standard "reference scenarios" for global biofuels demand and several "extra biofuels scenarios" to be used as input data by the different agro-economic modeling groups. This includes the delivery of global and EU scenarios of fuel demand for the transportation sector canvassing the EC biofuel targets, including a description of the main underlying hypotesis (IE/BioS and IPTS/ETTEA) [30/06/2009] • 02.01 Interim report on the impacts of non-food usage of agricultural commodities for bio-energy, by means of agricultural sector models with feedback from an energy model. (IPTS / AGRITRADE) [30/09/2009] • 02.02 Multi-sectoral macroeconomic impact analysis of biofuels policy, using as input a reference scenario of biofuels production volumes, the best available estimates of biofuels production costs, the subsidization scheme(s) adopted and assumptions on the potential evolution of the fossil substitute prices (oil and oil-refined products) (IPTS/ETTEA) [15/12/2009] • 03.01 Preliminary analysis of rural development policies linked to bio-fuels, food prices and energy prices (IES/AGRI-ENV and IPTS/AGRITRADE) [31/12/2009] • 04.01 Soil and land-use maps identifying regions for possible expansion of Biofuels production according to different economic models (output of objective 1.1). (IES/AGRI-ENV and IES/SOIL) [31/12/2009] • 05.01 World maps of estimated soil organic carbon levels under different land uses (IES/SOIL) [31/12/2009] • 06.01 Report on the GHG balance for European agricultural soils on the basis of a mechanistic biogeochemistry model, including selected mitigation and biofuel scenarios (IES/GHG-AFOLU and IPSC/AGRI4CAST) [31/12/2009] • 07.01 Scenario results carried out with CAPRI to be used for tasks above (biofuels and GHG emissions - obj. 6); (IPTS/AGRITRADE) [31/08/2009]. • 08.01 Analysis and support to policy concerning the link between agricultural land management and pressures on water: paper on water use in the production of bio-fuel crops (IES/AGRI-ENV) [31/12/2009] • 08.02 Study of the impacts of biofuels/bioenergy production on water resources. Technical report on biofuels/bioenergy and water use. This report will discuss biofuels/bioenergy in relation to water use, impact on water quality and quantity as well as the energy required to supply irrigation for different biomass crops. (IE/BioS) [31/10/2009] • 08.03 Input and guidance reporting to DG client concerning sustainable agriculture policy implementation (IPSC/GeoCAP) [21/12/2009] • 08.04 Scientific support to the development of biofuels certification systems: technical publication on the status of implementation of biofuels/bioenergy certification systems with focus on the implications for EU and tropicl countries, links with existing systems, research challenges and reporting constraints (IE/BioS) [30/11/2009] • 08.05 In the context of the draft impact indicator recommendations fo the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD), report on methods for improved assessment of the environmental impacts of different types of land use to enable cross-comparison with other impacts in life cycle assessments of biofuel's options. (IES/ENSURE) [30/09/2009] • 08.06 Technical report on the implementation of BIOSOIL, and implementation of the BIOSOIL databases on soil and biodiversity in EU at JRC (IES/FOREST) [30/11/2009] • 09.01 Report and proceedings of Expert consultations on direct and indirect agro-environmental impact of bio-fuel on tropical deforestation in South East Asia; support to the analysis of potential deforestation drivers (biofuels) in new test regions (e.g. Indonesia). (IE/BioE and IES/TREES3) [31/12/2009] • 09.02 publication of technical paper on the assessment of biomass availability and sustainability in emerging countries, starting with the "hot-topics" of sugar cane and soya in Brazil and oilseed in East Asia. (IE/BioE) [31/10/2009] • 09.03 Statistical analysis of land use change in Brazil: preparation of a technical note on the statistical analysis of deforestation/crop/pasture acreages in Brazil (IE/BioE in cooperation with IPSC/Agriculture Unit) [31/07/2009] • 09.04 Publication of technical reports on methods to assess forest area and forest area changes in EU on the basis of the JRC high-spatial resolution maps (1990-2000-2006). These reports will support to the development of methods for the analysis of forest area changes for the FAO Forest Resources Assessment 2010 (IES/FOREST) [31/12/2009] • 10.01 Status reports on 2nd generation biofuel industrial demonstration projects and sustainability-related information on alternate uses of biomass (IE/CLEANCAB) [30/11/2009] • 10.02 Reports on energy recovery via biogas production from agricultural residues, energy crops and municipal green residues, as part of the input to Renewable Energies (Biomass Action Plan), Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development strategies (IE/CLEANCAB) [15/12/2009] • 10.03 Reports on energy recovery from solid waste management systems as part of the input to the Renewable Energies (Biomass Action Plan) and Waste Management strategies. (IE/CLEANCAB) [15/12/2009] • 10.04 Development of guidance documents for life cycle thinking to support coherent Sustainable Consumption and Production policies, including the guidance for life cycle thinking in the Waste Framework Directive. Publication of life cycle based bio-waste management guidance document, taking into account options for waste-to-energy (biofuel) and composting (IES/ENSURE) [31/10/2009] • 10.05 Technical report on the assessment of market opportunities of bio-refinery products (IE/ASSETS) [31/06/2009] • 11.01 Report on emission data from the JRC/EUCAR/CONCAWE programme on ethanol (IES/TRANSTECH) [30/05/2009] • 11.02 Assessment of the GHG emissions related to the production and use of biofuels for transport: within the framework of the Well to Wheel study (JRC-EUCAR-CONCAWE) the GHG emission savings will be estimated for biofuels for transport in the case of biodiesel from palm oil and soy, as well as in the case of biogas from agricultural crops (e.g. silage mais). (IE/BioS) [31/10/2009] • 11.03 Study on the impact of the present and future fuel and vehicle technologies within the JEC Well-to-Wheels study to provide an update to the present version of the Well-to-Wheels analysis (JRC-EUCAR-CONCAWE study) with new values and technologies. (IES/SUSTRANS and IE/BioS) [30/11/2009] • 11.04 Publications on the identification of possible performance questions for the existing and near-term light-duty vehicle fleet and the compatibility of biofuels with existing and renewed fleet. This study contributes to the Biofuels collaboration Programme developed by JEC. (IES/SUSTRANS) [30/11/2009]
Last Updated 05/05/2009 17:38:36
Action number 13112 Last updated 05/05/2009 17:38:36 Year 2009
Title TP BIOFUELS
Acronym TP BIOFUELS
Type Coordinating Action
Url
Institute IE Institute for Energy
Leader MARELLI LUISA   E-Mail
Policy Theme 1 Prosperity in a Knowledge intensive society
Agenda No & Title 1.3 Energy and transport
Sub-Agenda No & Title 1.3.1 Energy
Customer - users (outside the European Commission) Companies, industrial associations and financial analysts
EEA (European Environment Agency)
IEA
Customer DGs Agriculture and Rural Development  - AGRI
Development  - DEV
Economic and Financial Affairs  - ECFIN
Environment  - ENV
Trade  - TRADE
Energy and Transport  - TREN
Discipline Energy & Fuels
Agricultural Economics & Policy
Biodiversity Conservation
Free descriptors Bio-fuels, Sustainability, Land Use Change, Indirect effects, Life-cycle analysis, Greenhouse gases, Agriculture, Tropical forests, Bio-waste, 2nd generation biofuels, Energy Efficiency, Emissions Reduction, Well to Wheel.
Associated collaborations
Rationale

"Biofuels" is currently the subject of a wide-ranging societal debate on questions of costs, security of energy supply, green-house gas emissions, sustainability of production systems, impact on food production and biodiversity. In its report on March 2008 "Biofuels in the European context: facts and uncertainties" the JRC evidenced considerable uncertainties in the greenhouse gas savings from biofuels, mainly related to indirect effects due to displacement of agricultural production.

These are some of the many issues associated with a renewed interest in this source of energy. Biofuels sustainability in particular is the objective of intensive discussions and debates in Europe. Environmental sustainability criteria and verification requirements for biofuels were included in the Commission proposal of a Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, and amendments to this proposal are currently under discussion in the Council and the European Parliament.

Considering this increase of attention on the use of biofuels for transport, the Joint Research Centre has decided to intensively study research topics and policy relevant questions and to address the most critical and open issues through the definition of a Thematic Programme which involves all key scientists from various JRC Institutes (IES, IPSC, IPTS and IE) and will develop throughout 2009.

Summary of the action

The Biofuels Thematic Programme for 2009 will focus on he definition, analysis, testing of sustainability criteria for biofuels production and use. The work will concentrate on sensitive area of the production systems which require specific attention from a scientific but also policy point of view. Of particular relevance will be the definition of applicable (e.g. verifiable in compliance schemes) criterias which can eventually support certification systems.

Questions of land use and indirect land use changes (ILUC) associated with biofuel production (all production pathways of relevance to Europe) and associated green-house gas (GHG) emissions will have priority (through modeling, observations and experimental measurements). Soil erosion and degradation, maintenance of biodiversity, impact on water resources will be included in the analysis. (Package 1, Objectives 1 to 9)

Three Steps are necessary for Modelling and evaluation of Indirect GHG Emissions:

1. Model the increase in crop production in all producer regions of the world, which result from a given increment of demand for biofuels. Suitable global agro-economic models are usually based on partial equilibrium economic modelling. The effects of each "biofuels" scenario are evaluated with respect to a reference scenario. The results of this first step are the effect of the change in biofuels demand on production per crop per region.

2. Convert extra production per region per crop into an estimate of how much extra land would be planted with crops in each region, as a result of the change in biofuels demand, and what land use would be replaced. The result of this step is expressed in hectares of land converted to cropping from pasture, forest, or natural land.

3. Convert the land use changes into an estimate of extra GHG emissions resulting from the given change in biofuel demand. This may be done in a rough way using agro-environmental zoning, or more precisely by:

- locating the likely areas of cropland expansion on a map.

- estimating land use change emissions on the basis of soil maps and climate

- ideally, estimating also the annual GHG emissions from farming in the new areas (from tractor diesel, fertilizer production, N2O etc.).

The results of this step are total one-off GHG emissions from land-use change, plus (ideally) the marginal annual farming emissions from the newly-planted areas.

Technological developments in industrial production systems will be integrated in a revision of the well to wheel study focusing on biofuels. Technological foresight will provide insights on possible developments. Fuel compatibility will be also assessed. (Package 2, Obectives 10 and 11)

Social criteria and economic analysis on the "food vs fuels" debate will only be partially covered by JRC; existing documentation on associated issues will be assembled and additional studies about impact on food in developing countries might be incorporated in future.

Objectives

01.00 Coordination with researchers in other organisations and countries that are carrying out work in ILUC modeling, with a purpose of benefiting from the understanding developing in those other bodies and attempting to ensure a common view of the correct approach to understanding and accounting for ILUC emissions. Making more (conventional) biofuels in EU will increase demand for crops. To some extent this will displace arable food production onto land used for other purposes, both inside and outside EU, and can lead to extra GHG emissions. In order to assess the size and location of these effects, the first step requires an agroeconomic model which can estimate how much land use change will occur, and in which countries. Such models exist and are developing rapidly (e.g. latest GTAP versions at Purdue University, LEITAP model at LEI Wageningen etc.), and JRC may also develop/use internal expertise. However, in the normal course of events, each group would chose different biofuel policy scenarios and different reference scenarios. It is therefore necessary to agree a standard "reference scenario" for global biofuels demand and several "extra biofuels scenarios". These would be run as input data by the different agro-economic modelling groups. The thematic program may take advantage from interacting with the modellers in various institutions, ensuring that they are based on realistic and comparable biofuels scenarios, and that the results are in a form which can be used by our soils and emissions experts.

02.00 Analysis of the impacts of non-food usage of agricultural commodities, especially for bio-energy, by means of agricultural sector models. Integrated impact assessment of increase in biofuels demand in EU (economic and technological dimensions)

03.00 Definition of environmental indicators to be implemented in modelling systems for ex-post and ex-ante assessment of Rural Development policies linking scenarios with biophysical and economic modelling

04.00 Location of arable land expansion in different countries/regions. Agroeconomic models will provide output of how much extra crop would be produced in different countries/worlds regions as a result of biofuels policy. Some models also predict the area of land use change in each region. This task must locate geographically where this land use change will occur on the basis of existing cropped areas and land suitability.

05.00 Estimating soil Carbon (C) loss associated with scenarios of change in cropping system under demand for biofuels on the basis of world maps (soils and land use).

06.00 Estimating annual farming GHG emissions (including Nitrous Oxide (N2O) from soils) from biofuels crops in EU-NUTS2 regions. Regionalized Emission Factors (EFs) for N2O from agricultural soils will be simulated for major biofuel crops in Europe ex post around year 2000. Use will be made of the database on agrophenological observations and cultivar-specific parameterization of biofuel crops, both under development in the AGRI4CAST action. N2O emission factors will be compared with the data of the JRC-EUCAR-CONCAWE (JEC) study.

07.00 Estimating marginal annual farm emissions (per ton of crops) due to yield intensification. Marginal N2O emissions as response to yield intensification will be calculated with the DNDC-CAPRI meta-model. Outside EU, the marginal emissions will be estimated from the marginal crop productions using factors derived by comparing JRC results for EU, with literature data for US and other regions. In addition, the estimation of GHG emission inventories for European Member States and several world country aggregates will be carried out by updating the CAPRI model. The adaptation of the agricultural sector model CAPRI to cover biofuels policy at Member State level will provide an integrated assessment of an increase in biofuel demand in Europe. This should help analysing the effects of changing agricultural practices on greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Based upon availability of CAPRI-scenarios (AGRITRADE action), this task will estimate marginal emissions in biofuels scenarios in comparison to a reference scenario

08.00 Recommendations for the incorporation of the above (and other relevant) results in developing sustainability criteria and practical approaches to their implementation.

09.00 Estimating the current and future pressure on tropical and other forests caused by agricultural and wood demand increments from biofuels and bioenergy

10.00 Technologies of biomass utilization in processes including 2nd generation biofuels and other bio-products replacing fossil fuels.

11.00 Technical compatibility of new fuels and advanced vehicles. Emissions associated with biofuels production, energy efficiency and environmental impact of vehicles driven with biofuels will be assessed, with special emphasis on bio-ethanol and bio-diesel blends

Deliverables

2009-12-15  01.02 Collation of results of different models predicting effects of biofuel production on agricultural production in different world regions (IE/BioS and IES/GHG-AFOLU) [31/12/2009]

2009-06-30  01.02 Expert consultation for the definition of standard "reference scenarios" for global biofuels demand and several "extra biofuels scenarios" to be used as input data by the different agro-economic modeling groups. This includes the delivery of global and EU scenarios of fuel demand for the transportation sector canvassing the EC biofuel targets, including a description of the main underlying hypotesis (IE/BioS and IPTS/ETTEA) [30/06/2009]

2009-09-30  02.01 Interim report on the impacts of non-food usage of agricultural commodities for bio-energy, by means of agricultural sector models with feedback from an energy model. (IPTS / AGRITRADE) [30/09/2009]

2009-12-15  02.02 Multi-sectoral macroeconomic impact analysis of biofuels policy, using as input a reference scenario of biofuels production volumes, the best available estimates of biofuels production costs, the subsidization scheme(s) adopted and assumptions on the potential evolution of the fossil substitute prices (oil and oil-refined products) (IPTS/ETTEA) [15/12/2009]

2009-12-15  03.01 Preliminary analysis of rural development policies linked to bio-fuels, food prices and energy prices (IES/AGRI-ENV and IPTS/AGRITRADE) [31/12/2009]

2009-12-15  04.01 Soil and land-use maps identifying regions for possible expansion of Biofuels production according to different economic models (output of objective 1.1). (IES/AGRI-ENV and IES/SOIL) [31/12/2009]

2009-12-15  05.01 World maps of estimated soil organic carbon levels under different land uses (IES/SOIL) [31/12/2009]

2009-12-15  06.01 Report on the GHG balance for European agricultural soils on the basis of a mechanistic biogeochemistry model, including selected mitigation and biofuel scenarios (IES/GHG-AFOLU and IPSC/AGRI4CAST) [31/12/2009]

2009-08-31  07.01 Scenario results carried out with CAPRI to be used for tasks above (biofuels and GHG emissions - obj. 6); (IPTS/AGRITRADE) [31/08/2009].

2009-12-15  08.01 Analysis and support to policy concerning the link between agricultural land management and pressures on water: paper on water use in the production of bio-fuel crops (IES/AGRI-ENV) [31/12/2009]

2009-10-30  08.02 Study of the impacts of biofuels/bioenergy production on water resources. Technical report on biofuels/bioenergy and water use. This report will discuss biofuels/bioenergy in relation to water use, impact on water quality and quantity as well as the energy required to supply irrigation for different biomass crops. (IE/BioS) [31/10/2009]

2009-12-15  08.03 Input and guidance reporting to DG client concerning sustainable agriculture policy implementation (IPSC/GeoCAP) [21/12/2009]

2009-11-30  08.04 Scientific support to the development of biofuels certification systems: technical publication on the status of implementation of biofuels/bioenergy certification systems with focus on the implications for EU and tropicl countries, links with existing systems, research challenges and reporting constraints (IE/BioS) [30/11/2009]

2009-09-30  08.05 In the context of the draft impact indicator recommendations fo the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD), report on methods for improved assessment of the environmental impacts of different types of land use to enable cross-comparison with other impacts in life cycle assessments of biofuel's options. (IES/ENSURE) [30/09/2009]

2009-11-30  08.06 Technical report on the implementation of BIOSOIL, and implementation of the BIOSOIL databases on soil and biodiversity in EU at JRC (IES/FOREST) [30/11/2009]

2009-12-15  09.01 Report and proceedings of Expert consultations on direct and indirect agro-environmental impact of bio-fuel on tropical deforestation in South East Asia; support to the analysis of potential deforestation drivers (biofuels) in new test regions (e.g. Indonesia). (IE/BioE and IES/TREES3) [31/12/2009]

2009-10-30  09.02 publication of technical paper on the assessment of biomass availability and sustainability in emerging countries, starting with the "hot-topics" of sugar cane and soya in Brazil and oilseed in East Asia. (IE/BioE) [31/10/2009]

2009-07-31  09.03 Statistical analysis of land use change in Brazil: preparation of a technical note on the statistical analysis of deforestation/crop/pasture acreages in Brazil (IE/BioE in cooperation with IPSC/Agriculture Unit) [31/07/2009]

2009-12-15  09.04 Publication of technical reports on methods to assess forest area and forest area changes in EU on the basis of the JRC high-spatial resolution maps (1990-2000-2006). These reports will support to the development of methods for the analysis of forest area changes for the FAO Forest Resources Assessment 2010 (IES/FOREST) [31/12/2009]

2009-11-30  10.01 Status reports on 2nd generation biofuel industrial demonstration projects and sustainability-related information on alternate uses of biomass (IE/CLEANCAB) [30/11/2009]

2009-12-15  10.02 Reports on energy recovery via biogas production from agricultural residues, energy crops and municipal green residues, as part of the input to Renewable Energies (Biomass Action Plan), Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development strategies (IE/CLEANCAB) [15/12/2009]

2009-12-15  10.03 Reports on energy recovery from solid waste management systems as part of the input to the Renewable Energies (Biomass Action Plan) and Waste Management strategies. (IE/CLEANCAB) [15/12/2009]

2009-10-30  10.04 Development of guidance documents for life cycle thinking to support coherent Sustainable Consumption and Production policies, including the guidance for life cycle thinking in the Waste Framework Directive. Publication of life cycle based bio-waste management guidance document, taking into account options for waste-to-energy (biofuel) and composting (IES/ENSURE) [31/10/2009]

2009-06-30  10.05 Technical report on the assessment of market opportunities of bio-refinery products (IE/ASSETS) [31/06/2009]

2009-05-29  11.01 Report on emission data from the JRC/EUCAR/CONCAWE programme on ethanol (IES/TRANSTECH) [30/05/2009]

2009-10-30  11.02 Assessment of the GHG emissions related to the production and use of biofuels for transport: within the framework of the Well to Wheel study (JRC-EUCAR-CONCAWE) the GHG emission savings will be estimated for biofuels for transport in the case of biodiesel from palm oil and soy, as well as in the case of biogas from agricultural crops (e.g. silage mais). (IE/BioS) [31/10/2009]

2009-11-30  11.03 Study on the impact of the present and future fuel and vehicle technologies within the JEC Well-to-Wheels study to provide an update to the present version of the Well-to-Wheels analysis (JRC-EUCAR-CONCAWE study) with new values and technologies. (IES/SUSTRANS and IE/BioS) [30/11/2009]

2009-11-30  11.04 Publications on the identification of possible performance questions for the existing and near-term light-duty vehicle fleet and the compatibility of biofuels with existing and renewed fleet. This study contributes to the Biofuels collaboration Programme developed by JEC. (IES/SUSTRANS) [30/11/2009]

  • Search by Keyword  icon.help